‘Bill of Exchange’ and ‘Promissory Note’

A debatable instrument is a business report in composing, that contain a request for installment of cash either on request or after a specific time. These are of three sorts, to be specific, bills of trade, promissory note and checks. There are occurrences when the bill of trade is compared with a promissory note. The crucial contrast between Bill of Exchange and Promissory Note is that the previous conveys a request to pay cash while the last contains a guarantee to pay cash.

Acknowledgment is one of the real component, which recognizes the two business instruments, i.e. bill of trade should be acknowledged, in order to end up noticeably compelling. Then again, a promissory note does not require any sort of acknowledgment. In this way, when one is working with these two, he/she ought to be thought about the importance and elements.

Meaning of Bill of Exchange

A Bill of Exchange is a composed archive which is properly stamped and marked by the drawer conveying a genuine request which coordinates (not summons) a man to pay a particular add up to a specific individual or to the request of the specific individual or the holder of the instrument. The accompanying conditions should be satisfied:

The bill ought to be legitimately dated.

It must contain a request, i.e. the drawer of the instrument guides the drawee to pay a specific aggregate to the payee.

Must be marked by the creator of the bill.

The drawee must acknowledge Bill.

Request to pay cash just and also the sum ought to be distinct.

Conveying the bill to the payee is an unquestionable requirement.

Sorts of Bill of Exchange

The loan boss makes Bill of Exchange. It is utilized as a part of business to settle the obligation between the gatherings.

Meaning of Promisory Note-

A promisory note is a debatable instrument, containing a composed unlimited guarantee, properly stamped and marked by the drawer, to pay a predefined aggregate of cash to a specific individual or the request of the specific individual. It is made by the indebted person to get cash from the loan boss. The elements of a promissory note are as under:

The note must be in composing conveying composed guarantee to pay cash to the bank.

Mark of the promissory i.e. drawer of the note must be there.

The date on which the note is payable ought to be settled.

Both the promissory and promissee should be sure.

The total of cash must be distinct.

The nation’s legitimate money ought to be utilized to release the obligation.

Promissory Note does exclude a cash note or a monetary certificate.

Differences –

Bill of Exchange is a monetary instrument demonstrating the cash owed by the purchaser towards the vender. Promissory Note is a composed report in which the account holder guarantees the bank that the sum due will be paid at a future indicated date.

Bill of Exchange is characterized in Section 5 of the Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881 though Promissory Note is characterized in Section 4.

In a bill of trade, there are three gatherings while on account of a promissory note the quantity of gatherings is 2.

Lender makes Bill of Exchange. Then again, Promissory Note is set up by the account holder.

The obligation of the creator of the bill of trade is optional and restrictive. Alternately, the obligation of the producer of the promissory note is essential and outright.

Bill of Exchange can be made in duplicates, however Promissory Note can’t be made in sets.

On account of the bill of trade, the drawer and payee can be a similar individual which is impractical in the event of the Promissory Note.

The notice of shame of a bill of trade must be given to every one of the gatherings concerned, nonetheless, on account of promissory note such notice require not be given to the producer.


Alongside the contrasts between the bill of trade and promissory note, there are a couple of similitudes like both the two instruments are not payable to the carrier on request according to RBI Act, 1934. Besides, treatment of Bill of Exchange or Promissory Note is as under-Bills Receivable: The payee of the bill and note. what’s more, Bills Payable: The drawer of the note and drawee of the bill.

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