The novel the bluest eye deals with the colour problem in America.
Bluest eye –The Bluest eye work of the African-American writer Toni Morrison, apart from being her first novel, examines the tragic effects of the imposition of the white middle-class race, in her the American ideals of beauty are openly demonstrated, compared to this as a mirror that distorts the images appears the face of Pecola, an African-American girl in search of the feminine identity, developing in the midst of the distinctions that product of the racial condition affect the black population during the decade of 1940.
The story is inspired by a conversation that Morrison once had with an elementary school classmate who wanted to have Bluest eye. The moving novel shows the psychological devastation of a young black woman, Pecola Breedlove, who seeks love and acceptance in a world that denies and devalues people of her own race.
Pecola, the protagonist, desperately longs to possess the conventional American standards of feminine beauty, that is, white skin, blonde hair and Bluest eye, physical characteristic on which the protagonist focuses most vehemently. She wishes to respond to established icons, to the popularized aesthetic traditions of white culture.
The work presents a brief chapter in which Pecola, the ill-starred protagonist, speaks in a kind of inner monologue in which she ends up linking all the words as if the poor girl had been entangled in her thoughts. This effect is presented alternately in different moments of the narration as a beginning of the chapter that insists on the idea of confusion of the girl.
Then the voice is given to another girl, friend of Pecola, who begins to describe the story of his story. Thus begins the book that tells the tragic story of a girl of color eleven years, ugly and poor, living in the United States of the Second World War, a time that is sadly portrayed by the ways the white population was to the black population, a period in which discrimination, denigration and, in general, racism was the order of the day in an impudently explicit and clear manner.
Toni Morrison in this work seeks to deepen and at the same time visualize several of the major problems that the black population had to suffer, such as the demonization of the race and its influence on the most defenseless members of it.
Blue eyes is divided into four chapters: Autumn, Winter, Spring, Summer; each one of them narrated from different voices, generating the sensation of being made up of scraps, however, they form a very connected unit. Through each of these chapters, the story of how Pecola became pregnant with her father and the circumstances that led that man to perform such atrocity is described.
Apart from putting on the literary scene his vision on subjects as diverse as the demonization of the black race, self-loathing, the imposed beauty concept, the silenced female voice or truncated childhood, Morrison presents as an epilogue the keys that the moved to write the work, explained in detail, bringing this reality closer to those who have not experienced this social problem of the first hand, exposing the mechanisms used to demonize social groups, or even people in particular, and the way these practices They take strength in the individuals who suffer them, even leading them to contempt for themselves.