Critically examine the various provisions made in the Constitution of India for bringing qualitative changes in educational scenario of the country.
The Constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1 950. It envisaged a secular socialist democratic republic where the people enjoyed “Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity.” To uphold these lofty ideals the Constitution made various provisions to help the people prosper under the banner of the secular, socialist, democratic Republic that India was envisaged to be.
The declarations of the Indian Constitution may be treated as the starting point of India education. The Constitution stated clearly that education was a state subject. However, the 42nd amendment Act of 1976 transferred the subject of education to the concurrent list, which means that both the Central as well as State governments are empowered to make laws on education. In case of conflict or controversy, the Union law shall prevail. The importance of making education a concurrent subject is that now the Centre is in a position to make integrated policy on education and strive for obtaining a uniform standard therein.