1. Define identity. Discuss the development of identity.
Answer-Identity is a new way of thinking about yourself that emerges during adolescence. Identity involves the feeling of self-harm, with a feeling that there is continuity with time in self itself. The firmly established identity also provides a sense of uniqueness in the form of a person. According to the psychosocial model of Erikson’s development, identification should be considered by the person, but others must be recognized and confirmed. Thus, the process of establishing an identity involves “integrating past experiences of a consistent whole one, personal transformation, and involving the demands and expectations of society.”
The identity-formation involves the successful interaction of various types of activities and relationships during adolescence, in which the school’s achievement, social relations with others and the exploration of various activities and roles, as well as the development of career interests and options. Gender, ethnicity and sexual orientation are all important for the development of adolescents. Integrating these experiences and attributes in its own concrete sense is fundamental to identifying, and researchers have proposed various stages of identification development process. Focusing on the identity of adolescence as their childhood understanding is ending and the adult phase of their life is about to begin.
The development of identity –
Identitydevelopment involves two steps.
- First of all, the teenager should be different from the beliefs of childhood to find alternatives to identification in a particular area.
- Second, teenagers make a commitment to their personalidentity in that area.
Some aspects of identity, especially among young adolescents, can be forecasted. The situation of foreclosure occurs when a commitment is made without exploring options. During adolescence, the achievement of identity-works for us as the basis of our adult expectations and goals. As soon as people enter early adulthood, they use their current understanding, of which they develop a life-building which acts as a link between the evolution of adolescence and the adult self. Creating life span is integration of the past, present and culture of a person
The process of developing an identity begins with the discovery of the baby itself, continues throughout the childhood, and becomes the focus of adolescence. Eric Eriksson recognized the goal of adolescence as to achieve a consistent-identity and to avoid identity-confusion. Identity is multi-dimensional and may include physical and sexual-identity, business goals, religious beliefs, and ethnic background. Teens find these dimensions, and usually make a commitment to aspects of their identification because they quickly move into adulthood.
The development of identity begins with the awareness of the children that they are separate and distinct persons. The first signs of this awareness are evident in infancy when children begin to recognize themselves. They recognize the reflected image as their own. Also, the words “I,” “I,” and “My” emerge long ago in children’s language. These findings correspond to Ericson’s autonomy versus the psychological phase of shyness and suspicion, when the infants establish their identity as independent individuals. During childhood, self-awareness increases and changes. The preschool describes themselves in terms of observable attributes and behaviors, in which physical characteristics (“my eyes are brown”), priorities (“I like to ride my bike”), and 19 competencies (“I can sing”). Bits spider spider) ‘). Between the ages of six and twelve, the children begin to incorporate themselves into less solid aspects in their description. School children talk about their emotions (“I love my dog”) and how they fit in their social world (“I am the best fielder in my team”). During Ericson’s Initiative versus Guilt Children’s Forum, children find out their skills, abilities and attitudes and incorporate information into their own perspective.
The physical, cognitive and social changes of adolescence allow the teenager to develop the identity-that will serve as the basis for their adult life. Identityversus role describes the expansion of the personality of the adolescent, to include the personality traits of the adolescent (“I am outgoing”) and attitude (“I am not like people who are stuck”). The emergence of abstract logic abilities allows teenagers to think about the future and experiment with different identities.
An identity-crisis is a term in an indigenous and social psychological theory in which one person loses the sense of personal equality and historical continuity. The word was coined by psychologist Eric Eriksson. According to Eriksson, an identity-crisis is a time of intense analysis and the discovery of different ways of looking at oneself. According to Eriksson, an identity-crisis is a time of intense analysis and the discovery of different ways of looking at oneself. Ericson’s interest in identity-began in childhood. Erikson described the identity as “a subjective meaning as well as a noticeable quality of personal equality and continuity, which was added with some belief in the similarity and continuity of some shared world image.
In the model of Marcia, in recognition
1) A sexual orientation,
2) A set of values and ideals and
3) Includes a business direction.
A well-developed-identityreflects the strengths, weaknesses, and individual uniqueness of someone.
Self-concept is the accumulation of knowledge about oneself, such as beliefs about personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals and roles. In adolescence, self-concept is more cognitive and complex in a cognitive mental representation or self-plan, which is arranged in the process of self-relevant information.
Self-esteem is the experience of being able to face the basic challenges of life and be able to be happy. Self-esteem is an important factor for anyone to succeed in life. It is said that if a person creates self-esteem in his teens, then it happens only during his life.
During adolescence, the discovery of identity is very influenced by the social world: peer, parents, school and neighborhood. The identityformation involves the successful interaction of various types of activities and relationships during adolescence, in which the school’s achievement, social relations with others and the exploration of various activities and roles, as well as the development of career interests and options. Gender, ethnicity and sexual orientation are all important for the development of adolescents. Integrating these experiences and attributes in its own concrete sense is fundamental to identifying, and researchers have proposed various stages of identification development process. Focusing on the identity of adolescence as their childhood understanding is ending and the adult phase of their life is about to begin.