Describe the steps of designing a case study.

Answer – The steps of Designing Case Study –

1 Determine and Define the Research Questions –The first step in case study research is to establish a firm research focus, for which the researcher can refer to a complex event or object during the study. The researcher focuses the study by making questions about the situation or problem for the study and by determining an objective for the study. Research object in a case study is often a program, a unit, a person, or a group of people. There is the possibility of being deeply related to political, social, historical and personal issues, providing wide scope for questions and adding complexity in case studies.
2 Select the Cases and Determine Data Gathering and Analysis Techniques – During the design phase of the Case Studies research, the researcher determines which approach to use in selecting single or multiple real-life cases to investigate deeply and which of the approaches to collect and device Use the. While using many cases, each case is considered as the same case. The outcome of each case can be used as a contributing information in the whole study, but in each case the same matter remains.
3 Prepare to Collect Data – The method of case study is such that a large amount of data can be collected on a single case and the probability of losing sight of the researcher’s original research topic / subject is very high. Therefore, as soon as the data is received, the researcher should organize the same systematically. Advance preparation helps in handling large amounts of data in a documented and systematic fashion. Researchers prepare a database to help categorize, sort, store, and retrieve data for analysis.
4 Collect Data in the Field – As data is being collected, they have to be stored systematically. The researcher will find many sources of evidence, which must be arranged so that he can highlight the research problem which is being investigated. Case study research is flexible, but when changes are made, they are systematically documented.
5 Evaluate and Analyse the Data – In this phase, the researchers who collect the necessary information examine the raw data using many interpretations to find relationships between the purpose of the research and the results in the context of the original research questions. During the evaluation and analysis process, the researcher remains open to new opportunities and insights. The Case Study method provides researchers the opportunity to triangulate data to consolidate the findings and findings of research, with the use of many data collection methods and analysis techniques.
6 Prepare the Report – The next step is to prepare the report of analyzed data. The researcher prepares graphs, flow charts, bar diagrams and pie diagrams to present their data on time. They clearly present conflicting evidence and tell the reasons for such conflicting evidence and provide conclusions drawn from it.

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