Direct Democracy


Aristotle views direct democracy as a mechanism which “all command each and each in his turn all”. In the system of direct democracy all collective decisions are taken through participation of all adult citizens of the country.

This is a form of selfgovernment where decisions are taken through deliberations or discussions because discussions allow people to reconcile different interest, inform members about various issues which according to Hague et al (1998) enable people to both influence and to be influenced by the group. In modern terms direct democracy is manifested is referendum. In India, Gram Sabha (73rd Constitutional Amendment is an example of this kind of democracy).

Principles Governing Direct Democracy: Direct democracy allows its citizens to participate directly, without any mediation in a direct and continuous fashion. People make decisions through consensus and there is no difference between the governing and the goverened. This makes people sovereign and they do not need representation.

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