Discuss the dividend-price approach and earning price approach to estimate cost of equity capital with example.

The underneath specified article gives an outline on the estimation of cost of capital.

For the most part, we realize that the utilization of offer capital has no bookkeeping cost and, all things considered, the utilization of the same by a firm does not include any expense which a bookkeeper would typically call costs.

That is, nonetheless, not valid since value capital surely includes a cost. Be that as it may, value investors expect a profit or potentially capital additions against their venture and such desires offer ascent to an open door cost of capital. (The market estimation of an offer is an element of the arrival which an investor anticipates.)

It might be specified that value assets ought to be utilized just when the arrival from a venture takes care of this expense. Value financing emerges from two noteworthy sources, viz. (a) New Issues, (b) Retained Earnings.


Theoretically, the cost of value capital is similarly the most astounding among every single other wellspring of assets. It has been expressed over that the value investors dependably expect a specific rate of return which, once more, relies upon, bury alia, the business chance and money related danger of a firm.

The value investors take the most astounding level of monetary hazard, i.e., they get profit in the wake of paying off all the business commitments and, since they go out on a limb the most elevated level of hazard, normally, they expect a higher return and, in that capacity, most astounding expenses are identified with them.

Cost of value capital might be characterized as the base rate of restore that a firm should acquire on the value financed segment of a venture extend so as to leave unaltered the market costs of its stock. For example, if the required rate of return (RRR) is 15% and cost of obligation is 12½%, and if the organization has the strategy to back with 80% value and 20% obligation, the RRR of the venture would be registered as:


It shows that if the organization requires Rs. 20,000 for a venture which gives a yearly return of Rs. 4,000, the rate of profit for value financed part can be processed as:

Hence, the normal rate of return is 21.88% which is over the IRR and, all things considered, the venture might be embraced. As it were, the market estimation of offers will go up. Be that as it may, if the venture procures an arrival which is not as much as Rs. 2,400 (16,000 x 15), it will give a less come back to the creators and thus, showcase estimation of offer will go down.

Theoretically, this rate of return might be considered as the cost of value capital which is dictated by the accompanying two classifications:


(i) New Issues,

(ii) Retained Earnings.

(i) New Issues:

The calculation on cost of value share capital is, almost certainly, troublesome and dubious errand since various experts have passed on various clarifications and ways to deal with it. In the meantime, it is additionally exceptionally hard to know the normal rate of return which the investors as a class anticipate from their speculation as they vary among themselves keeping in mind the end goal to foresee or evaluate the said return.

In any case, a portion of the methodologies by which the cost of value capital ‘might be figured are:

(a) Dividend Price (D/P) Approach:

This approach depends on profit valuation display. Under this approach, the cost of value capital is computed against a required rate of return as far as future profits. As needs be, cost of capital (KO) is characterized as the rate that likens the present estimation of all normal future profits per share with the net continues of the deal (or the present market cost) of an offer.’ to put it plainly, it will be that rate of expected profits which will really keep up the present market cost of value shares.


In that capacity, the cost of value is measured by:

Ke = D/P


Ke = Cost of Equity Share Capital

D = Dividend/Earnings per share

P = Net continues per share/current market cost per share.

This approach gives due significance to profits yet it overlooks one essential perspective, i.e., held income likewise affects the market cost of value shares.

This approach, in any case, expect that:

(i) Market cost of offers is impacted just by varieties in income of the firm:

(ii) future profit, which can be communicated as a normal, will develop at a steady rate.

Delineation 1:

An organization issues value offers of Rs. 10 each for open membership at a premium of 20%. The organization pays @ 5% as guaranteeing commission on issues cost. Expected rate of profit by value investors is 25%.

You are required to process the cost of value capital. Will your answer be extraordinary on the off chance that it is figured on the premise of present market estimation of value share which is just Rs. 16?


The cost of capital is registered as:

Be that as it may, if there should be an occurrence of existing value shares, it is smarter to figure cost of value shares on the premise of market value which is processed as

Ke = D/MP

Ke = Cost of Equity Capital

D = Dividend Per Share

MP = Market Price Per Share

= Rs. 2.5/Rs. 16

= 0.1563 or 15.63%.

(b) Dividend Price in addition to Growth (D/P + g) Approach:

Under this approach, cost of value capital is resolved on the premise of the normal profit rate in addition to the rate of development in profit, i.e., this technique substitutes income per share by profit and perceives the development in it.


Kg = D/P + g

Ke = Cost of Equity Share Capital

D = Dividend Per Share

P = Net Proceeds Per Share

g = Growth rate in profit.

Representation 2:

Ascertain the cost of value capital from the accompanying particulars introduced by X Ltd.: The present market cost of a value offer of the organization is Rs. 80. The present profit per share is Rs. 6.40. Profits are required to develop @ 8%.


Ke = D/P + g

= Rs. 6.40/Rs. 80 + 0.08

= 0.08 + 0.08 =

0.16 or 16%

Outline 3:

Decide the cost of value offers of organization X from the accompanying particulars:

(i) Current Market Price of an offer is Rs. 140.

(ii) The guaranteeing cost per share on new offers is Rs. 5.

(iii) The accompanying are the profits paid on the extraordinary offers in the course of recent years:

(iv) The organization has a settled profit pay-out proportion.

(v) Expected profit on the new offers toward the finish of first year is Rs. 14.10 for every offer.


For ascertaining the cost of assets raised by value share capital, we are to evaluate the development rate of profits. Amid the five years the profits have expanded from Rs. 10.50 to Rs. 13.40 introducing as compound factor of 1.276, i.e. (Rs. 13.40/Rs. 10.50). In the wake of applying the “compo­und entirety of one rupee table” we realize that an aggregate of Re. 1 would gather to Rs. 1,276 out of five years @ 5% intrigue.

In this manner, substituting the qualities in the above equation we get;

Ke = D/P + g

= Rs. 14.10/

= Rs. 135 (Rs. 140 – Rs. 5) + 5%

= 10.44% + 5%

= 15.44%

(c) Earning Price (E/P) Approach:

Under this approach, acquiring per offer will really decide the market cost per share. At the end of the day, the cost of value capital is proportional to the rate which must be earned on incremental issues of standard offers in order to keep up the present estimation of speculation in place, i.e. the cost of value capital is measured by the winning value proportion.


Ke = E/P where

Ke = Cost of Equity Capital

E – Earnings Per Share

P = Net Proceeds of an Equity Share

This approach perceives the two profits and held income. Be that as it may, there is distinction of sentiment among the supporters of the approach about the materialness of both profit and market value figures. Some like to utilize the current gaining rate and current market cost while some others perceive normal rate of winning (which depends on the income of recent years) and the normal market cost of value shares (which depends on advertise cost throughout the previous couple of years).

You may also like...

error: Content is protected !!