Personality theory Notes
Question – Discuss the concept of ‘neurotic needs’ in the light of Horney’s personality theory.
Answer – Psychoanalytic scholar Karen Horney created outstanding amongst other known hypotheses of mental issues. She trusted that mental issues came about because of fundamental tension caused by relational connections. Her hypothesis recommends that techniques used to adapt to nervousness can be abused, making them go up against the presence of requirements.
As indicated by Horney, essential uneasiness (and along these lines depression) could come about because of an assortment of things including, ” . . . immediate or aberrant mastery, aloofness, sporadic conduct, absence of regard for the tyke’s individual needs, absence of genuine direction, slandering mentalities, a lot of deference or the nonappearance of it, absence of solid warmth, taking sides in parental differences, excessively or too little duty, over-insurance, disconnection from other kids, treachery, separation, unkept guarantees, antagonistic climate, et cetera et cetera” (Horney, 1945).
These 10 hypochondriac needs can be classed into three general classifications:
1.Necessities that move you towards others.
These hypochondriac needs make people look for assertion and acknowledgment from others and are regularly portrayed as poor or clingy as they search out endorsement and love.
2.Necessities that move you far from others.
These masochist needs make antagonistic vibe and reserved conduct. These people are regularly depicted as cool, unconcerned, and standoffish.
3 Requirements that move you against others.
These psychotic needs result in threatening vibe and a need to control other individuals. These people are frequently portrayed as troublesome, overbearing, and unkind. Balanced people use each of the three of these systems, moving spotlight contingent upon inner and outer components.
So would could it be that makes these adapting techniques masochist? As indicated by Horney, it is the abuse of at least one of these relational styles. Masochist individuals have a tendency to use at least two of these methods for adapting, making strife, turmoil, and disarray.
In her book “Self-Analysis” (1942), Horney illustrated the 10 hypochondriac needs she had recognized:
1. The Neurotic Need for Affection and Approval
This need incorporates the wants to be preferred, to please other individuals, and meet the desires of others. Individuals with this kind of need are amazingly touchy to dismissal and feedback and dread the outrage or threatening vibe of others.
2. The Neurotic Need for a Partner Who Will Take Over One’s Life
This includes the should be focused on an accomplice. Individuals with this need endure outrageous dread of being relinquished by their accomplice. As a rule, these people put an overstated significance on adoration and trust that having an accomplice will resolve the greater part of life’s inconveniences.
3. The Neurotic Need to Restrict One’s Life Within Narrow Borders
People with this need like to stay subtle and unnoticed. They are undemanding and content with close to nothing. They abstain from longing for material things, regularly making their own needs auxiliary and underestimating their own particular gifts and capacities.
4. The Neurotic Need for Power
People with this need look for control for its own particular purpose. They as a rule applaud quality, loathe shortcoming, and will abuse or command other individuals. These individuals fear individual restrictions, weakness, and wild circumstances.
5. The Neurotic Need to Exploit Others
These people see others regarding what can be increased through relationship with them.
Individuals with this need for the most part value their capacity to abuse other individuals and are regularly centered around controlling others to get wanted targets, including such things as thoughts, influence, cash, or sex.
6. The Neurotic Need for Prestige
People with a requirement for glory esteem themselves as far as open acknowledgment and approval. Material belonging, identity attributes, proficient achievements, and friends and family are assessed in view of renown esteem. These people frequently fear open humiliation and loss of economic wellbeing.
7. The Neurotic Need for Personal Admiration
People with a masochist requirement for individual esteem are narcissistic and have a misrepresented self-recognition. They need to be respected in view of this envisioned self-see, not upon how they truly are.
8. The Neurotic Need for Personal Achievement
As indicated by Horney, individuals drive themselves to accomplish more prominent and more prominent things because of essential instability. These people fear disappointment and feel a steady need to fulfill more than other individuals and to top even their own prior triumphs.
9. The Neurotic Need for Self-Sufficiency and Independence
These people display an “introvert” attitude, removing themselves from others with a specific end goal to abstain from being secured or subordinate upon other individuals.
10. The Neurotic Need for Perfection and Unassailability
These people continually make progress toward finish trustworthiness. A typical component of this psychotic need is hunting down individual blemishes keeping in mind the end goal to rapidly switch or conceal these apparent flaws.