Discuss the various attachment patterns and factors promoting secure attachments.
Answer – Introduction – Sensitive response to the quality of parenting is the most important factor for the promotion of a healthy attachment. Safe attachment to children is associated with sensitive parenting. 1) The attachment is a main process in child development. 2) Attached relationships are made between infants and their carers. 3) Enclosure is important for post-child development. Providing constant and sensitive care helps in creating mutual levels of trust in carers and babies. It is important for parents to be associated with children in a variety of activities such as feeding, caring and resting routine, and sleeping with sleeping. The safely attached child is free to focus on your environment. Unsecured attachment patterns can be compromised by the exploration and achievement of self-belief.
Attachment Patterns –
Bowlby believed that attachment has four different characteristics, i.e., proximity maintenance – the people we are connected to, the desire to stay with them, the safe haven – attachment to comfort and safety in a fear or danger situation. Return to the figures. Secure basis – The data of the attachment acts as the basis of safety, so that the child can detect the surrounding environment. Separation Crisis – Concerns in the absence of an attachment figure. Let’s now see the characteristics of attachment, namely, safe attachment, common attachment, avoidance attachment and unconvincing attachment and attributes of each of these types of attachments. Children develop different styles of attachment on the basis of experience and interaction with their carers. Four different attachment styles or patterns have been identified in children: safe, anxious, bisexual, avoidance and disorganized. Attachment theory today has become the main principle used in the study of child behavior and mental health of the child and related areas.
let’s check out various attachment patterns –
1 Secure Attachment –The safely attached children are able to detect the best when they have the knowledge of the safe base to return to the time of need. When assistance is given, it enhances the sense of security and also believes that the assistance of parents is helpful, how to educate children to deal with the same problem in the future. Therefore, safeattachment can be seen as the most adaptiveAttachment style. According to some psychological researchers, a child gets attached safely when being available to parents and being able to meet the needs of the child in an sensitive and proper manner.
2 Avoidant Insecure Attachment – Children with avoidanceattachment style avoid parents and carers. This avoidance becomes particularly apparent after the absence of the period. These children probably do not remove the attention from their parents, but they neither seek their comfort or contact. Children with avoidanceattachment show no preference between parents and full strangers. As an adult, people with an attachment have difficulty with intimacy and close relationships. These people do not invest more in relationships and feel some distress when a relationship ends. They often avoid intimacy using excuses (such as long work). Other common features include failure to support partners during stressful times and inability to share feelings, thoughts and emotions with partners. In general, a worried-anxiety-related attachment-style child avoids parents or when it comes back, ignores it, show little signs of an emotional reaction. Often, strangers will not be treated differently from parents.
3 Resistant Insecure Attachment – In general, a resistant insecureattachment-style child will usually detect a little (in strange condition) and is often cautious with strangers even when the parent is present. When the mother is away, the child is often very distressed. When she returns, the child is usually ambitious.
4 Disorganised Attachment – A fourth grade is called a disorganisedattachment, which can be seen as the lack of a consistent ‘organized’ behavioral strategy to deal with stress. Children with disorderlyattachment can experience their carers frightening or frightened. Fearful care is dangerous for the child, who uses social context techniques such as checking the facial expression of the parent to find out if the situation is safe. A horrific carer puts the child in a dilemma which is called the fear of no solution without g. What is appalling through the parents’ behavior, the caregiver puts the child in an irrelevant contradiction of irrelevance. This paradox can be caused by ‘disorderly’ and ‘freezing’ behavior, which decides to be chaotic in children. If the child uses the caregiver as a mirror to understand himself, then the disorganized child is looking at a broken mirror in a thousand pieces. An increasing institution on research between risks for later psychotherapy related to abnormal parenting, disorganizedattachment and disorderlyattachment.
5 Significance of Patterns – Safe children have more positive and less negative peer responses and establish more and better friendship. Unsafe children become followers instead of leaders. Children with an unsafe environment tend to worry, but unsuccessful peers look for conversations, while unsafe-child survivors appear aggressive and hostile and can react negatively to positive peer interactions. In vulnerable children, behavioral problems and social ability increase or decrease in the quality of parenting, or improve the degree of risk in the family environment. Avoidance children are especially sensitive to family risk.
Factors Promoting Secure Attachments –
Many research studies have consistently found that safe care in children is associated with sensitive care. Career sensitivity was first defined by Mary Annworth, the ability of the mother, to accurately explain the signs and communications contained in the behavior of their infant and to give them proper and prompt response, it was understood. Thus there are four essential components in mother’s sensitivity:
A) Her awareness of signs
B) One of the precise interpretation of them
c) A suitable response for them
d) A quick response to them.
However, sensitivity is not the only important factor. Other studies have shown that the ability of the mother to think about the thoughts and feelings of the child is related to the attachment’s safety. It has been found that the mothers who have been brain-brained in their relationship with their babies are more likely to be attached safely. They actively think about the inner world of their child and it helps a child to develop the ability to regulate emotions, is an important skill in creating good relationships.