DOMESTICATION OF ANIMALS

The domestication of animal amounted to capturing, taming and breeding wild animals. They were separated from their natural habitat and provided shelter and food. Domestication of various species was followed with breeding taking place under captivity. According to Sandor Bokonyi “ It is a long and complicated process. Animal domestication was the culmination of experience and knowledge gained through tens of thousands of generations of hunting, about the anatomy, biology, physiology, behaviour and so on of a number of wild animal species. The domestication itself was not a process that occurred from one animal generation to the other but took several and sometimes up to thirty generations” (History of Humanity, Vol., p. 389). Certain considerations must have guided the selection of animal species to be domesticated.

The important ones of these were: i) the provision of food for these species was easily available through human efforts and guidance, ii) the domesticated species were of some use to humans either as animal meat or any other purpose, iii) they were not too aggressive to cause harm to the persons domesticating them, and iv) they could easily move from one place to the other with the groups keeping them under captivity. It has been suggested by some scholars that the animals were also domesticated for using them for sacrificial purposes and evidence for it has come through their presence in graves.

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