DOMESTICATION OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS

The transformation of hunter-gatherers to farmers is generally heralded as a remarkable achievement, which reduced hunting to a ritual activity or sport. It resulted from a process of domestication of plants and animals. It can be detected on the basis of three primary classes of evidence:

a) on the availability of animals and plants outside their natural range,

b) Morphological changes,

c) increase in numbers of animals and plants.

The process required human intervention and control over these species. It should be remembered that this was neither a completely post-Pleistocene adaptation nor did it suddenly replace the life of hunter-gatherers with a relatively sedentary existence in villages.

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