Identify and assess Family Welfare Programmes.



India propelled the National Family Welfare Program in 1951 with the goal of “lessening

the birth rate to the degree important to balance out the populace at a level predictable with the

prerequisite of the National economy. The Family Welfare Program in India is perceived as

a need territory, and is being executed as a 100% Centrally supported program.

Advancement OF FW PROGRAM

The approach under the program amid the First and Second Five Year Plans was primarily

“Clinical” under which offices for arrangement of administrations were made. Be that as it may, on the premise of

information brought out by the 1961 statistics, clinical approach received in the initial two designs was

supplanted by “Augmentation and Education Approach” which imagined extension of administrations

offices alongside spread of message of little family standard.

In the IV Plan (1969-74), high need was agreed to the program and it was proposed to

decrease birth rate from 35 for every thousand to 32 for every thousand before the finish of plan. 16.5 million

couples, constituting around 16.5% of the couples in the conceptive age gathering, were secured

against origination before the finish of IVth Plan.

The goal of the V design (1974-79) was to cut down the birth rate to 30 for each thousand by

the finish of 1978-79 by expanding incorporation of family arranging administrations with those of Health,

Maternal and Child Health (MCH) and Nutrition, with the goal that the program turned out to be all the more promptly

worthy. The years 1975-76 and 1976-77 recorded a wonderful increment in execution of

cleansing. In any case, in perspective of unbending nature in implementation of focuses by field functionaries and an

component of compulsion in the execution of the program in 1976-77 in a few regions, the

program got a set-back amid 1977-78. Therefore, the Government influenced it to clear that

there was no place for power or intimidation or impulse or for weight of any kind under the

program and the program must be executed as an indispensable piece of “Family Welfare”

depending exclusively on mass instruction and inspiration. The name of the program additionally was

changed to Family Welfare from Family Planning.

In the VI Plan (1980-85), certain long haul statistic objectives of achieving net propagation

rate of solidarity were visualized.

The Family Welfare Program amid VII five year design (1985-90) was proceeded on an absolutely

willful premise with accentuation on advancing separating techniques, securing most extreme group

cooperation and advancing maternal and tyke medicinal services. The Universal Immunization

Program (UIP) was propelled in 1985 to give all inclusive scope of newborn children and pregnant

ladies with inoculation against distinguished immunization preventable maladies and stretched out to all

the regions in the nation

The approach embraced amid the Seventh Five Year Plan was kept amid 1990-92. For

viable group support, Mahila Swasthya Sanghs(MSS) at town level was

constituted in 1990-91. MSS comprises of 15 people, 10 speaking to the differed social fragments

in the group and five functionaries engaged with ladies’ welfare exercises at town level

for example, the Adult Education Instructor, Anganwari Worker, Primary School Teacher, Mahila

Mukhya Sevika and the Dai. Helper Nurse Midwife(ANM) is the Member-Convenor. From the

year 1992-93, the UIP has been reinforced and ventured into the Child Survival and Safe

Parenthood (CSSM) Project. It includes managing the high vaccination scope level under

UIP, and expanding exercises under Oral Rehydration Therapy, prophylaxis for control of

visual impairment in youngsters and control of intense respiratory contaminations. Under the Safe Motherhood

part, preparing of customary birth chaperons, arrangement of aseptic conveyance units and

reinforcing of first referral units to manage high hazard and obstetric crises were being

taken up.

To give new dynamism to the Family Welfare Program, a few new activities were

presented and continuous plans were redone in the Eighth Plan (1992-97). Understanding that

Government endeavors alone in proliferating and rousing the general population for adjustment of little

family standard would not be adequate, more noteworthy anxiety has been laid on the contribution of NGOs to

supplement and supplement the Government endeavors.

Diminishment in the populace development rate has been perceived as one of the need destinations

amid the Ninth and Tenth Plan period. The systems are:

i) To survey the requirements for regenerative and youngster wellbeing at PHC level and embrace areaspecific

small scale arranging.

ii) To give require based, request driven, high caliber, incorporated conceptive and tyke

social insurance diminishing the baby and maternal dismalness and mortality bringing about a decrease in

the coveted level of richness.


The National Family Welfare Program gives the accompanying preventative administrations

for dispersing births:

a) Condoms

b) Oral Contraceptive Pill

c) Intra Uterine Devices (IUD)

While condoms and oral prophylactic pills are being given through free dissemination

plan and social showcasing plan, IUD is being given just under free conveyance

conspire. Under Social Marketing Program, contraceptives, the two condoms and oral pills are

sold at financed rates. What’s more, contraceptives are economically sold by assembling

organizations under their image names too. Govt. of India does not give any appropriation to the

business deal.


Cu-T is one of the critical dividing techniques offered under the Family Welfare Program.

Cu-T is provided free of cost to every one of the States/UTs by Govt. of India for addition at the PHCs,

Sub-focuses and Hospitals via prepared Medical Practitioners/prepared Health Workers.

The prior variant of Cu-T 200 “B” (IUDs) has been supplanted by Cu-T 380-A from 2002-03

onwards which gives assurance to a more drawn out period(about 10 years) as against Cu-T 200 “B”

which gave assurance to around 3 years as it were.

Crisis CONTRACEPTIVE PILL (ECP) was presented under Family Welfare

Program amid 2002-03. The crisis prophylactic is the strategy that can be utilized to counteract undesirable pregnancy after an unprotected demonstration of sex (counting sexual strike, assault or sexual compulsion) or in prophylactic disappointment. Crisis Contraceptive is to be gone up against remedy of Medical Practitioners.


Under National Family Welfare Program following Terminal/Permanent Methods are being

given to the qualified couples.


i) Mini Lap Tubectomy

ii) Lapro Tubectomy

Laparoscopic cleansing is a moderately snappier technique for female sanitization.


i) Conventional Vasectomy

ii) No-Scalpel Vasectomy

It is a standout amongst the best prophylactic techniques accessible for guys. It is a change on the customary vasectomy with for all intents and purposes no reactions or intricacies. This new strategy is presently being offered to men who have finished their families. The No-Scalpel Vasectomy venture is being actualized in the nation to enable men to receive male sanitization furthermore, along these lines advance male investment in the Family Welfare program.

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