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Q.4: System Software vs. Application Software
Software refers to the programs, applications, and data that control and manage hardware resources. It can be categorized into two main types: system software and application software.
System Software: This is the fundamental software that manages and controls the hardware resources of a computer. It includes the operating system (e.g., Windows, macOS, Linux), device drivers, and utility programs that facilitate system operation and provide a platform for other software to run.
Application Software: Application software, on the other hand, is designed for specific tasks or applications. It’s user-oriented and includes programs like word processors, spreadsheets, graphics editors, and web browsers. Application software allows users to accomplish various tasks, from creating documents to browsing the internet and editing images.
The key differences between system software and application software are:
- Purpose: System software manages hardware and provides a platform for software to run, while application software is designed for specific user tasks.
- Audience: System software is essential for the computer’s operation and is used by system administrators and developers. Application software is used by end-users to perform everyday tasks.
- Installation: System software is typically pre-installed on the computer and manages its resources. Application software needs to be installed separately by the user.
- Examples: Examples of system software include operating systems, firmware, and device drivers. Examples of application software include Microsoft Office, Photoshop, and web browsers.