FREE IGNOU BEGE-105 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24
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Below are the details of the IGNOU BEGE-105 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24:
- Program: BEGE-105 (Bachelor of Arts – BA)
- Course Code: BEGE-105
- Session: July 2023 – January 2024
- Submission Dates:
- Assignment 2023-24: Last date for submission – 30th April 2024
- Assignment 2023-24: Last date for submission – 30th October 2024
Assignment Submission: Students are advised to submit the IGNOU BEGE-105 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 as per the specified schedule. The assignments must be submitted in soft copy/PDF format through the designated portal or email, as instructed by the university.
Guidelines for Preparing IGNOU BEGE-105 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24: While preparing the IGNOU BEGE-105 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24, students must adhere to the following guidelines:
FREE IGNOU BEGE-105 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 –
a) Passage A: The dominant variety of prose in this passage is expository. The author presents a persuasive argument about the importance of maintaining independence of mind and forming one’s own opinions. The passage is structured with a clear introduction that sets the theme (aim at independence of mind) and is followed by elaboration and supporting points.
The critical appreciation of this passage reveals its valuable message about the significance of mental independence. The author urges readers to think critically, use their reason, and not merely follow the opinions of others blindly. By emphasizing the connection between independence of mind and self-respect, the author highlights the importance of developing a stable character.
The passage condemns presumptuous self-confidence and ridicules those who parrot others’ opinions without understanding or justification. Instead, it encourages an intelligent approach to formulating one’s own conclusions while still considering the views of others respectfully.
Overall, the passage effectively delivers its message through clear and persuasive prose. It instills a sense of responsibility in the readers to be thoughtful, open-minded, and self-reliant in their thinking. The author’s use of strong language, such as calling presumptuous behavior “hateful,” adds weight to the argument and reinforces the significance of independence of mind.
b) Passage B: The dominant variety of prose in this passage is descriptive. The author vividly describes the setting and the objects present in the rooms, particularly focusing on the red carpet, plush chairs, tables, beds, and the exquisite lamp.
The critical appreciation of this passage lies in its ability to evoke a strong visual image of the rooms and the objects within. The author’s attention to detail and choice of descriptive words create a sense of familiarity and warmth, making the reader feel like they are exploring the rooms alongside Kezia.
The passage’s simplicity and focus on the little girl’s perspective add to its charm. Kezia’s fascination with the lamp is particularly endearing, as it symbolizes her innocent joy and appreciation for beauty in everyday objects.
While the passage lacks a strong narrative or plot, its descriptive nature serves to set the scene and immerse the reader in the atmosphere of the rooms. It might not have a profound message, but it captures the essence of a child’s wonder and imagination, making it relatable and delightful to read.
c) Passage C: The dominant variety of prose in this passage is narrative. The passage follows a chronological sequence of events, recounting the preparations for a concert and the protagonist’s interactions with a musician. It delves into the emotional experiences and thoughts of the narrator.
The critical appreciation of this passage lies in its exploration of human emotions and relationships. The narrator’s longing for validation and recognition from the musician adds depth to the narrative. The passage beautifully captures the protagonist’s mix of hope and apprehension as they seek acknowledgment from the musician, who appears distant and elusive.
The passage’s focus on the preparations for the concert, the sitar player’s interactions with various people, and the narrator’s inner thoughts contribute to a rich storytelling experience. The use of the first-person perspective allows the reader to connect with the protagonist’s emotions, making the passage engaging and relatable.
The author also touches on themes of artistry, communication, and the complexities of human connections. The musician’s reluctance to share his plans with the narrator may symbolize the mysterious and unpredictable nature of artistic expression.
Overall, the passage weaves a compelling narrative with emotional depth, providing insights into the human psyche and the dynamics of relationships. It captures the anticipation and vulnerability that accompany artistic endeavors and leaves the reader pondering the complexities of human interaction and communication.
- ‘On Seeing England for the First Time’ by Jamaica Kincaid is indeed laced with sarcasm, irony, and a thread of pathos. Through her writing, Kincaid addresses her conflicting emotions towards England and her disillusionment with the colonial legacy. She employs sarcasm and irony to criticize the impact of British colonialism on her native Antigua while also expressing her fascination with the country that once ruled her homeland.
The text is filled with irony, especially when Kincaid compares the reality of England to the idealized image presented in her schoolbooks. She points out the stark difference between the glorified version of England and the actual one she sees before her. For instance, she writes, “The England of the schoolroom is a place where history has occurred. The England of my reality was disjointed and dreamlike” – highlighting the contrast between the romanticized history taught to her and the flawed reality she experienced.
Sarcasm is evident when Kincaid discusses the absurdity of Antigua’s emulation of England’s customs. She mocks the Antiguans who imitate the English by wearing scratchy clothes in the tropical climate and adopting a strict English diet. This sarcasm serves to underscore the impact of colonialism on the local culture and the suppression of the native identity.
The thread of pathos runs through the essay as Kincaid grapples with her feelings of admiration and resentment towards England. She is emotionally torn between her admiration for the English culture she learned about and the harsh reality of colonization and its consequences on her own people. This conflict becomes evident when she describes her childhood dreams of becoming English and her later realization that such dreams were unrealistic and misguided.
One poignant example of pathos is when Kincaid visits a library in England and discovers books on Antigua, a place that had been reduced to mere footnotes in the larger narrative of British history. This realization evokes a sense of sadness and the feeling of being overlooked and marginalized.
In conclusion, ‘On Seeing England for the First Time’ uses sarcasm and irony to critique the colonial legacy while also evoking a sense of pathos in the narrator’s emotional journey. Kincaid’s personal experiences and observations create a compelling narrative that challenges colonial narratives and explores the complexities of identity and belonging.
Orwell’s experience of shooting the elephant is described in vivid detail. He portrays the emotional turmoil he faces, torn between his personal feelings and the pressure to conform to the expectations of the colonial power he represents. He feels compelled to act according to the imperialist mindset, which dictates that he must display authority and maintain control over the Burmese people.
Orwell’s description of the elephant highlights the creature’s suffering and its pitiful, helpless state. He recognizes the animal’s tranquility during moments when it is not being threatened. However, he feels that he must carry out the act of shooting it, as not doing so would be perceived as weak and indecisive in the eyes of the locals. This reflects the oppressive nature of colonialism, where the colonizers are forced to engage in actions they might personally disagree with to assert dominance and maintain authority.
During the process of tracking down the elephant, Orwell also shares his observations of the Burmese people and their resentment towards the British Empire. He witnesses their silent animosity and perceives the subjugation they endure under the colonial rule. The Burmese, though they despise the British, are also curious and eager to witness the spectacle of an Englishman dealing with a rogue elephant, which adds to the complexity of the situation.
Ultimately, Orwell shoots the elephant, but he does so with a sense of regret and self-loathing. He realizes the true absurdity of the imperial system and the way it dehumanizes both the colonizers and the colonized. The act of shooting the elephant becomes a metaphor for the destructive nature of imperialism and the loss of moral agency faced by those trapped in its web.
In conclusion, Orwell’s experience of shooting an elephant in Burma is a powerful account that delves into the moral conflicts arising from colonial oppression. Through vivid descriptions and introspection, he sheds light on the dehumanizing impact of imperialism on both the oppressors and the oppressed, making “Shooting an Elephant” a timeless piece that continues to resonate with readers and provokes contemplation on the complexities of power, authority, and morality.
Question 4 asks us to discuss the character of Gilbert Clandon as he goes from illusion to reality in the short story “The Legacy.”
In “The Legacy,” a short story written by Virginia Woolf, Gilbert Clandon is portrayed as a young man who starts with certain illusions about life but gradually faces the harsh realities of the world. The story follows Gilbert’s journey of self-discovery and the transformation of his character.
At the beginning of the story, Gilbert is depicted as a dreamer and an idealist. He is full of romantic notions and believes in the power of love and artistic expression. He is infatuated with the idea of beauty and desires to create something extraordinary in the world. However, as the story progresses, Gilbert’s illusions start to crumble.
The catalyst for Gilbert’s transformation is his encounter with the mysterious Mr. Penhallow, a successful and wealthy man who is known for his extravagant lifestyle and numerous love affairs. Mr. Penhallow takes Gilbert under his wing and becomes his mentor. Through this relationship, Gilbert is exposed to the reality of Mr. Penhallow’s life, which is far from the romanticized image he had initially perceived.
Gilbert’s illusions about love and beauty are shattered when he witnesses Mr. Penhallow’s multiple affairs and the pain and suffering it causes to the women involved. He realizes that the pursuit of beauty and pleasure can lead to emptiness and unhappiness. This experience challenges Gilbert’s idealism and forces him to confront the complexities of human relationships and the consequences of his actions.
As Gilbert becomes more entangled in Mr. Penhallow’s world, he also becomes aware of his own desires and weaknesses. He is torn between his affection for Mr. Penhallow’s niece, Angela, and his attraction to the alluring Madame Piriac. This inner conflict further exposes Gilbert to the intricacies of human emotions and the complexities of love and desire.
Throughout the story, Gilbert’s character evolves as he grapples with the contrast between illusion and reality. He starts to question his own identity and values, and he becomes more introspective and self-aware. The experiences he goes through lead to a deeper understanding of the world and human nature.
By the end of the story, Gilbert undergoes a significant transformation. He no longer clings to his romantic illusions but comes to terms with the imperfections of life. He learns to accept the contradictions and complexities of the world and embraces a more realistic and mature outlook on life.
In conclusion, Gilbert Clandon’s character in “The Legacy” is a representation of the journey from illusion to reality. Through his experiences with Mr. Penhallow and the challenges he faces in matters of love and desire, Gilbert undergoes a profound transformation. He moves from being an idealistic dreamer to a more grounded and self-aware individual who recognizes the complexities and imperfections of life. Virginia Woolf skillfully portrays this evolution, making “The Legacy” a compelling exploration of human nature and the quest for self-discovery.
5. Main Features of Margaret Laurence’s Speech “My Final Hour”
Margaret Laurence’s speech “My Final Hour” is a poignant and deeply reflective address that she delivered during her last days while battling terminal illness. This emotional and thought-provoking speech encapsulates some of the main features that make it a remarkable piece of writing:
a. Personal Reflections: Laurence uses the speech as a platform to share her personal reflections on life, mortality, and the human experience. Her candid and introspective approach connects with the audience on a profound level, evoking empathy and contemplation.
b. Emphasis on Social Responsibility: The speech goes beyond individual reflections and delves into broader societal issues. Laurence speaks passionately about the responsibilities of individuals towards their communities and the importance of standing up for social justice and equality.
c. Themes of Death and Legacy: Unsurprisingly, given the circumstances under which it was delivered, the speech contemplates the themes of death and legacy. Laurence grapples with the idea of mortality and discusses how her work as a writer will live on even after she is gone.
d. Artistic Expression: As an accomplished novelist and writer, Laurence’s speech showcases her exceptional skills in language and storytelling. She weaves her words with artistic finesse, making her speech not only emotionally resonant but also a work of literary beauty.
e. Humility and Gratitude: Throughout the speech, Laurence displays humility and gratitude towards her life, her experiences, and the people who have been part of her journey. She acknowledges the impact of her readers and supporters on her career and life, expressing her heartfelt thanks to them.
f. Call for Empathy and Compassion: Laurence emphasizes the importance of empathy and compassion in the face of human suffering. Her call for understanding and support for those in need highlights her empathetic nature and concern for the welfare of others.
g. Inspirational Tone: Despite the somber context, the speech exudes an inspirational tone. Laurence’s resilience and courage in the face of her impending mortality serve as a source of inspiration for the audience.
h. Impactful Closure: The speech culminates in a powerful and memorable closure that lingers in the minds of the audience long after the words are spoken. It leaves the listeners with a profound sense of reflection and contemplation about life and its fleeting nature.
In conclusion, Margaret Laurence’s speech “My Final Hour” is a moving and intellectually stimulating piece of writing that encapsulates her personal reflections, social consciousness, and artistic expression. It serves as a testament to her literary prowess and human compassion, leaving a lasting impact on all who have the privilege of encountering it.
6. Gandhi’s Days in Calcutta and Burma as Seen in “An Autobiography”
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was a prominent leader in India’s struggle for independence and an advocate of nonviolent civil disobedience. In his autobiography titled “The Story of My Experiments with Truth,” Gandhi provides detailed accounts of his experiences during his time in Calcutta (now Kolkata) and Burma (now Myanmar). These passages shed light on significant events and encounters that shaped his beliefs and principles. Below is a detailed note on how Gandhi spent his days in Calcutta and Burma, as seen from his autobiography:
a. Calcutta (Kolkata): During the late 19th century, Gandhi moved to Calcutta to pursue a law degree at University College London. His time in Calcutta exposed him to various cultural and social influences that would later shape his ideology. While in Calcutta, Gandhi became involved in various organizations and groups that sought to address social issues and promote Indian rights. He joined the London Vegetarian Society, where he encountered ideas of nonviolence and compassion towards all living beings, which would become integral to his philosophy.
In Calcutta, Gandhi also encountered racial discrimination and experienced firsthand the challenges faced by Indians in British-ruled India. These experiences further fueled his desire to fight for justice and equality. Additionally, his interactions with fellow students from diverse backgrounds broadened his understanding of different cultures and religions, fostering his belief in the unity of all humanity.
b. Burma (Myanmar): After completing his law studies in London, Gandhi moved to South Africa, where he spent over two decades fighting against discrimination and advocating for the rights of the Indian community. However, during his time in South Africa, he also faced significant challenges, including illness and family issues. Seeking a change of environment and pace, Gandhi decided to take a trip to Burma.
In Burma, Gandhi’s primary intention was to escape the stress and challenges of his life in South Africa. During his stay, he continued to immerse himself in self-reflection and spiritual practices, which he had been exploring throughout his life. This period of introspection and solitude in Burma played a crucial role in strengthening Gandhi’s commitment to nonviolence and truth (Satyagraha), which would become the cornerstone of his philosophy and his approach to India’s struggle for independence.
Throughout his time in Calcutta and Burma, Gandhi’s experiences, encounters, and reflections significantly shaped his worldview and set him on the path of becoming a transformative leader. These experiences would later be instrumental in shaping his role as the leader of India’s independence movement and his advocacy for peaceful resistance against injustice.
In conclusion, Gandhi’s days in Calcutta and Burma, as chronicled in “An Autobiography,” provided him with invaluable experiences and insights that deeply influenced his ideologies and principles. His time in these places laid the foundation for his commitment to nonviolent resistance and his vision of a just and equitable society, making him an enduring symbol of peace and liberation worldwide.
7. Understanding the Stream-of-Consciousness Novel with Reference to “The Binding Vine”
The stream-of-consciousness novel is a literary technique that aims to portray the flow of thoughts, feelings, and perceptions of a character in an uninterrupted and unfiltered manner. This narrative style allows readers to delve deeply into the inner workings of a character’s mind, providing insights into their consciousness and emotional experiences. “The Binding Vine,” written by Shashi Deshpande, is an Indian novel that utilizes the stream-of-consciousness technique to explore the lives of its characters and their complex psychological states.
In “The Binding Vine,” Shashi Deshpande employs the stream-of-consciousness narrative to offer a multi-layered perspective of female protagonists, highlighting the challenges faced by women in Indian society. The novel revolves around the lives of three women – Urmila, Aparna, and Milind – who are interconnected through their struggles with motherhood, marriage, and societal expectations.
a. Interior Monologues: One of the primary features of the stream-of-consciousness novel is the use of interior monologues. Deshpande employs this technique to present the unfiltered thoughts and reflections of her characters. Readers are given direct access to the characters’ minds, enabling a deeper understanding of their emotions, fears, and desires. Through interior monologues, Deshpande reveals the inner turmoil and conflicts that the female characters grapple with, challenging traditional gender roles and societal norms.
b. Psychological Realism: The stream-of-consciousness technique in “The Binding Vine” enhances the psychological realism of the novel. The characters’ thoughts and emotions are portrayed with raw authenticity, making their experiences and struggles feel genuine and relatable. Deshpande delves into the complexities of the human psyche, portraying the characters’ internal dialogues and the emotional weight they carry in their daily lives.
c. Nonlinear Narrative: The stream-of-consciousness technique often employs a nonlinear narrative structure, as the characters’ thoughts and memories are presented in a fluid, non-sequential manner. This approach mimics the way the human mind works, with thoughts and memories flowing freely without adherence to strict chronology. In “The Binding Vine,” this technique helps build a layered narrative, enriching the understanding of the characters and their relationships.
d. Empathy and Intimacy: Through the stream-of-consciousness technique, readers develop a strong sense of empathy and intimacy with the characters. By immersing readers in the characters’ inner worlds, the novel fosters a deep connection, encouraging readers to view the characters as multidimensional individuals with their unique struggles and aspirations.
e. Feminist Undertones: In “The Binding Vine,” the stream-of-consciousness narrative style serves as a powerful tool for feminist storytelling. By exploring the female characters’ innermost thoughts, Deshpande sheds light on the challenges and societal expectations that women face. The novel critiques patriarchy and traditional gender roles while advocating for female empowerment and autonomy.
In conclusion, “The Binding Vine” by Shashi Deshpande exemplifies the stream-of-consciousness novel through its use of interior monologues, psychological realism, nonlinear narrative, empathy, and feminist undertones. By employing this narrative technique, Deshpande delves into the complexities of her characters’ minds, offering readers a profound and intimate portrayal of their lives and struggles in the context of Indian society.
8. Boswell’s “Life of Johnson” as a Piece of Art
James Boswell’s “Life of Johnson” is considered one of the greatest biographies in the English language. Published in 1791, the book chronicles the life of the renowned writer and lexicographer, Dr. Samuel Johnson. Boswell’s work stands out not only as a historical account of Johnson’s life but also as a masterpiece of literary artistry. Here, we discuss how “Life of Johnson” qualifies as a piece of art:
1. Vivid Character Portrayal: Boswell’s meticulous attention to detail and his skillful depiction of Johnson’s personality and mannerisms breathe life into the subject. The biography is filled with rich anecdotes, conversations, and observations that paint a vivid picture of Johnson’s character, making him feel like a living, breathing individual rather than a historical figure.
2. Narrative Technique: Boswell’s narrative technique involves a combination of personal memoir, interviews, and historical documentation. He skillfully weaves these elements together to create a compelling and engaging narrative. The biography is not a dry, factual account but a dynamic and captivating story that holds the reader’s attention from start to finish.
3. Emotional Depth: “Life of Johnson” delves deep into the emotional and psychological aspects of its subject. Boswell candidly presents Johnson’s personal struggles, insecurities, and moments of triumph. By exploring the emotional complexities of Johnson’s life, Boswell humanizes him, making the biography relatable and emotionally resonant.
4. Aesthetic Language: Boswell’s prose is highly regarded for its eloquence and charm. His writing style is marked by a rich and flowing language that captures the essence of the 18th-century literary tradition. The use of vivid metaphors, imagery, and rhetorical devices elevates the biography to the level of artistry.
5. Exploration of Universal Themes: Beyond being a mere biography, Boswell’s work explores universal themes of friendship, mortality, ambition, and the pursuit of knowledge. The depth with which Boswell delves into these themes adds a layer of philosophical and existential significance to the narrative.
6. Influence on Literary Tradition: Boswell’s approach to biography had a profound impact on the genre. His use of personal narrative and his emphasis on the inner life of his subject set a new standard for biographical writing. Many subsequent biographers and memoirists have been inspired by Boswell’s style and techniques.
7. Enduring Legacy: “Life of Johnson” has stood the test of time and remains a celebrated work in English literature. Its enduring popularity and continuous relevance are testaments to its status as a piece of art. The biography continues to be studied, appreciated, and referenced by scholars, writers, and readers alike.
8. Intimate Glimpse into an Era: Boswell’s biography not only sheds light on the life of Samuel Johnson but also offers a fascinating glimpse into the literary and intellectual milieu of 18th-century England. It captures the spirit of the time, making it a valuable historical document as well as a work of art.
In conclusion, James Boswell’s “Life of Johnson” transcends the boundaries of traditional biography to become a work of art. Through vivid characterization, emotional depth, aesthetic language, and exploration of universal themes, Boswell crafts a compelling and enduring portrait of Samuel Johnson and the world he inhabited. The biography’s artistic merits, coupled with its lasting impact on the literary tradition, secure its place as a masterpiece in the annals of English literature.
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