FREE IGNOU BEGLA-135 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24
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Assignment 2023-24 (Last date 30 April 2024)
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IGNOU BEGLA-135 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 –
Telegram refers to a communication platform that allows users to send messages, files, and multimedia content over the internet. It is an instant messaging application that focuses on speed and security, enabling users to have private and encrypted conversations. Telegram supports group chats, channels, and bots, making it a versatile platform for various communication needs.
Blogs are online platforms where individuals or groups regularly publish informational, opinion-based, or personal content. They are usually written in a journal-like format, with the most recent posts displayed at the top. Blogs cover a wide range of topics, including travel, food, technology, lifestyle, and more. They allow authors to express themselves, share their knowledge, and interact with readers through comments and social media.
a. Admire – Disapprove
b. Cowardice – Courage
c. Crooked – Straight
d. Abound – Lack
3. Meanings and Sentences:
a. Beat around the bush:
Meaning: To avoid addressing a topic directly and instead speak evasively or indirectly.
Sentence: Instead of giving a straightforward answer, he kept beating around the bush, making it difficult to understand his true intentions.
b. Cut corners:
Meaning: To do something quickly or with minimal effort, often sacrificing quality or standards.
Sentence: The construction company cut corners to finish the project ahead of schedule, but the building’s safety was compromised.
c. Up in arms:
Meaning: To be very angry or outraged about something.
Sentence: The citizens were up in arms when the government announced an unexpected increase in taxes.
d. Get your act together:
Meaning: To organize oneself and start behaving in a responsible or efficient manner.
Sentence: If you want to succeed in your career, you need to get your act together and start meeting deadlines.
4. Correct forms of the verbs:
a. I had a math test yesterday.
b. I will go to the store later.
c. I had already fallen asleep when my alarm went off.
d. I am reading a newspaper.
5. Subordinate clauses:
a. I don’t know why she canceled the meeting.
b. The child needed help because he couldn’t reach the top shelf.
c. Despite her qualifications, she was not able to find a good job.
d. She said that she would be coming to the party.
1. Beginning and Ending Conversations:
Beginning and ending conversations appropriately is essential for effective communication and building positive relationships. Here are some tips on how to do it:
Beginning a Conversation:
- Greeting: Start the conversation with a warm and friendly greeting. Use phrases like “Hello,” “Hi,” “Hey,” or “Good morning/afternoon/evening” based on the time of day and the level of familiarity with the person.
- Use the Person’s Name: Address the person by their name, if you know it. Using their name shows respect and establishes a personal connection.
- Smile and Eye Contact: If you are meeting the person face-to-face, smile and make eye contact. It conveys openness and friendliness.
- Small Talk: Begin with some small talk to break the ice and establish rapport. You can ask about their day, weekend plans, or any shared interests to initiate the conversation on a positive note.
- Listen: Be attentive and show genuine interest in what the other person has to say. Active listening helps create a comfortable atmosphere for further communication.
Ending a Conversation:
- Signal Intent to End: When you feel the conversation is naturally coming to an end, use verbal cues to signal that you need to leave or wrap up the discussion. For example, you can say, “Well, it’s been nice talking to you” or “I should get going now.”
- Express Appreciation: Show appreciation for the conversation and the time you spent together. You can say, “Thank you for sharing your thoughts” or “I enjoyed our conversation.”
- Summarize or Recap: If the conversation involved important information or action items, briefly recap the key points to ensure clarity and understanding.
- Offer Future Interaction: If you want to continue the relationship or conversation in the future, express your willingness to meet again or stay in touch. For example, “Let’s catch up again soon” or “Feel free to reach out anytime.”
- Farewell: End with a polite farewell, such as “Goodbye,” “Take care,” “Have a great day,” or “See you later.”
Remember, the appropriate beginning and ending of a conversation may vary depending on the context, relationship, and cultural norms. Being respectful, attentive, and considerate of the other person’s time and feelings will contribute to positive interactions.
2. Newspaper Report on Pollution:
Headline: Sudden Rise in Pollution Levels Alarms [Your Area] Residents
[Your Area], [Date]: Residents of [Your Area] have been deeply concerned over the sudden surge in pollution levels, posing serious health and environmental risks to the locality. Over the past week, pollution indicators have soared, indicating a potential crisis if not addressed promptly.
The main contributors to this alarming situation seem to be industrial emissions, vehicular traffic, and improper waste disposal practices. Local authorities have been urged to take immediate action to mitigate the impacts on air and water quality.
“We have been experiencing difficulty in breathing and irritation in our eyes and throat due to the air pollution. It’s crucial for the authorities to step in and find sustainable solutions,” said a concerned resident.
Environmental activists and community leaders have organized awareness campaigns and rallies to draw attention to the severity of the situation. They are calling for stricter regulations on industries and promoting eco-friendly practices among citizens.
Experts warn that if no action is taken, the situation might escalate into a full-blown environmental crisis, affecting not only the health of residents but also the local flora and fauna.
Local authorities have assured residents that immediate measures are being taken to curb pollution levels. A task force has been set up to monitor and enforce pollution control measures in the area.
Residents are encouraged to contribute by adopting eco-friendly practices in their daily lives and report any suspicious activities that may contribute to pollution.
In conclusion, the sudden rise in pollution levels in [Your Area] demands urgent attention and collective efforts from all stakeholders to preserve the environment and safeguard the well-being of the community.
3. Letter on the Importance of Discipline:
[City, State, Zip Code]
Dear [Friend’s Name],
I hope this letter finds you in good health and high spirits. Today, I want to share with you the significance of discipline in life and how it can positively impact our personal growth and achievements.
Discipline is the cornerstone of success and an essential trait in leading a purposeful life. It empowers us to stay focused on our goals, maintain a healthy routine, and make responsible choices. With discipline, we can overcome challenges, manage time efficiently, and cultivate good habits.
Imagine a scenario where a student is disciplined in managing their study schedule, adhering to deadlines, and staying committed to their academic pursuits. Such discipline not only leads to better academic performance but also instills a sense of accomplishment and self-confidence.
In professional life, discipline plays a pivotal role in career advancement. An employee who practices discipline demonstrates reliability, accountability, and dedication to their work. This not only earns them respect from colleagues and superiors but also opens doors to new opportunities for growth and recognition.
Moreover, discipline extends to our personal lives as well. Adopting a disciplined lifestyle ensures that we take care of our physical and mental well-being. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and ample rest are all manifestations of discipline that contribute to a healthy and fulfilling life.
In conclusion, discipline is not merely a virtue; it is a guiding force that paves the way for a successful and purposeful life. I encourage you to embrace discipline in your daily routines, as it will undoubtedly lead you towards a path of personal and professional fulfillment.
Wishing you the best in all your endeavors.
4. Dialogue Between Two Students Discussing Holiday Plans:
Student 1: Hey, have you thought about what we’re going to do during the holidays?
Student 2: Yeah, I was thinking of going on a road trip with some friends. How about you?
Student 1: That sounds like fun! I haven’t made any plans yet. Maybe we can join you guys on the road trip?
Student 2: Absolutely! The more, the merrier. We’re thinking of exploring some nearby national parks and camping under the stars.
Student 1: That sounds adventurous! But, do you think we need to plan it in advance and book the campsites?
Student 2: Good point. It would be wise to book the campsites early to secure our spots. I’ll take care of that part.
Student 1: Great! Also, I heard there’s a music festival happening nearby during the holidays. Maybe we could check it out one evening?
Student 2: That’s a fantastic idea! We can enjoy some live music while we’re there. I’ll look up the festival schedule and let you know the dates.
Student 1: Awesome! I’m really looking forward to these holidays. It’s going to be a refreshing break from all the studies.
Student 2: I couldn’t agree more. It’s essential to take some time off and unwind. Let’s make these holidays memorable!
5. Diary Entries for the Most Thrilling Day of Your Life:
Today has been the most thrilling day of my life! I woke up early with excitement bubbling inside me as it was the day I had been waiting for. My family and I headed to the amusement park. The rides were exhilarating, and I couldn’t get enough of the roller coasters and high-speed attractions. My heart raced with every loop and drop, and I felt a surge of adrenaline like never before. I laughed, screamed, and cherished every moment.
The adventure continued today as we tried something truly extraordinary – skydiving! The feeling of soaring through the sky was indescribable. As I jumped from the plane, I felt a mix of fear and thrill that quickly transformed into pure exhilaration. The view from up above was breathtaking, and the sensation of freefalling was unlike anything I had experienced before. I’m so proud of myself for conquering this fear and trying something so daring.
Today was all about exploring the wilderness. I went on a challenging hiking trail with some friends. The landscapes were picturesque, and the fresh air rejuvenated my spirit. We encountered a stunning waterfall and decided to take a dip in its cool, refreshing waters. Splashing around with friends in such a beautiful setting was pure bliss.
The thrilling streak continued with a visit to a water park today. The slides and water rides were a blast, and I couldn’t resist going down them multiple times. The feeling of weightlessness as I slid down the twisting slides was simply unforgettable. The water splashed around, and I laughed with joy as I made my way through each thrilling ride.
The last day of this incredible adventure has arrived, and I can’t help but feel a mix of sadness and gratitude. Today, we went for an unforgettable safari. Witnessing majestic animals in their natural habitat left me in awe. I felt so connected to nature and realized the importance of preserving these habitats for future generations.
As I pen down these diary entries, I can’t help but smile at the memories that will stay with me forever. This week has been nothing short of a roller coaster ride, both literally and metaphorically. I am immensely grateful for the experiences and the joy they have brought into my life.
- Description of a New Market Area:
Recently, I had the opportunity to visit a vibrant and burgeoning market area located in the heart of a bustling city. This market, known as “Urban Bazaar,” is situated in a prime location with easy accessibility from various parts of the city. It has quickly become a favorite destination for both locals and tourists alike due to its unique blend of traditional and modern elements.
The infrastructure of Urban Bazaar is impressive and well-planned. The market spans across several blocks, each dedicated to specific categories of products and services. There are dedicated sections for clothing and accessories, electronics, handicrafts, fresh produce, street food, and even an open-air performance space for cultural events and entertainment.
The market area is adorned with striking architecture, blending contemporary designs with hints of traditional elements to create an appealing ambiance. The walkways are wide and pedestrian-friendly, encouraging visitors to leisurely stroll through the various shops and kiosks. The entire area is kept clean and well-maintained, adding to the overall charm.
What sets Urban Bazaar apart from other similar markets in the city is its conscious effort to promote sustainable practices. Many of the vendors here offer eco-friendly and locally sourced products, making it a haven for environmentally conscious shoppers. Additionally, the market management has implemented waste management initiatives and encourages the use of biodegradable packaging, setting an example for other markets in the city.
Furthermore, Urban Bazaar prides itself on being a hub of cultural exchange. Visitors can find a wide variety of products and cuisines from different regions and countries, celebrating diversity and promoting inclusivity. It acts as a melting pot where people from various backgrounds interact, fostering a sense of unity and understanding.
The market area has also embraced technology, making it a digitally advanced shopping destination. With the availability of free Wi-Fi, mobile payment options, and interactive screens providing information about each shop and its products, Urban Bazaar caters to the tech-savvy generation while ensuring convenience for all.
In comparison to other markets in the city, Urban Bazaar stands out for its unique fusion of tradition, sustainability, and modernity. Unlike some of the older markets, which may be overcrowded and lack proper amenities, this area offers a pleasant and enjoyable shopping experience for visitors of all ages. Moreover, its emphasis on gender equality and inclusivity has made it particularly appealing to the progressive-minded.
In conclusion, Urban Bazaar is a remarkable market area that has successfully managed to create a harmonious blend of tradition, technology, and sustainability. Its prime location, well-planned infrastructure, and commitment to promoting diversity and gender sensitization make it a standout destination in the city. As the market continues to evolve, it promises to set new benchmarks for other similar places and inspire positive change in the realm of shopping and cultural exchange.
- Essay on Gender Sensitization:
Gender sensitization is a crucial aspect of creating a more inclusive and equitable society. It refers to the process of raising awareness and understanding of the different roles, expectations, and challenges that individuals face based on their gender identity. The goal of gender sensitization is to promote respect, equality, and empathy towards people of all genders while challenging harmful stereotypes and discriminatory practices.
Gender is a complex social construct that goes beyond biological differences between males and females. It encompasses a spectrum of identities, including transgender, non-binary, genderqueer, and genderfluid individuals, each deserving of dignity and respect. Unfortunately, many societies have historically perpetuated rigid gender norms, leading to discrimination, bias, and violence against those who do not conform to traditional expectations.
Gender sensitization plays a pivotal role in breaking down these harmful norms and fostering a more compassionate society. Here are some key reasons why gender sensitization is essential:
- Challenging Stereotypes: Gender sensitization helps challenge stereotypes and preconceived notions about what it means to be a man or a woman. It encourages people to see individuals as unique beings with diverse talents, interests, and aspirations, regardless of their gender.
- Promoting Gender Equality: By understanding the societal imbalances caused by gender-based discrimination, gender sensitization advocates for equal opportunities for everyone. This includes access to education, healthcare, employment, and participation in decision-making processes.
- Preventing Gender-Based Violence: Gender sensitization programs raise awareness about the prevalence and impact of gender-based violence. They strive to eliminate harmful behaviors and attitudes that contribute to such violence and create safe spaces for everyone.
- Empowering Women: Gender sensitization empowers women by challenging patriarchal norms that limit their roles and potential. It encourages women to pursue their dreams and ambitions, breaking barriers in traditionally male-dominated fields.
- Supporting LGBTQ+ Rights: Gender sensitization promotes acceptance and inclusion of individuals with diverse gender identities and sexual orientations. It challenges homophobia, transphobia, and discrimination against LGBTQ+ individuals.
- Fostering Healthy Relationships: Through gender sensitization, people learn the importance of mutual respect and communication in relationships. It helps build healthier partnerships based on equality and shared responsibilities.
- Enhancing Workplace Diversity: Gender sensitization in the workplace promotes diverse and inclusive environments where individuals can thrive, regardless of their gender. It also helps identify and address gender-based biases in recruitment and promotion processes.
- Influencing Policy and Legislation: Gender sensitization influences policymakers to create laws and policies that protect the rights of all genders and address issues such as domestic violence, harassment, and gender pay gaps.
To achieve effective gender sensitization, education plays a vital role. Schools, colleges, and other educational institutions can incorporate gender studies and awareness programs into their curricula. Furthermore, workplaces and community organizations can conduct workshops and training sessions to sensitize employees and members.
Government initiatives, NGOs, and grassroots movements also have a significant role to play in promoting gender sensitization. Public awareness campaigns, support services for victims of gender-based violence, and advocacy for gender-inclusive policies are essential components of the process.
In conclusion, gender sensitization is not just about creating awareness; it is a transformative journey towards a more just and compassionate society. By challenging stereotypes, promoting equality, and respecting diverse gender identities, we can build a world where everyone can thrive, irrespective of their gender. It is only through collective effort and continued commitment that we can bring about lasting change and create a more inclusive and harmonious world for all.