FREE IGNOU BGDG-172 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2022-23
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For June exam 2023 and December exam 2023
For Admission in July 2022 and January 2023
Below are the details of the IGNOU BGDG-172 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2022-23:
- Program: BGDG-172 (Bachelor of Arts – BA)
- Course Code: BGDG-172
- Session: July 2023 – January 2024
- Submission Dates:
- Assignment 2023-24: Last date for submission – 30th April 2024
- Assignment 2023-24: Last date for submission – 30th October 2024
Assignment Submission: Students are advised to submit the IGNOU BGDG-172 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2022-23 as per the specified schedule. The assignments must be submitted in soft copy/PDF format through the designated portal or email, as instructed by the university.
Guidelines for Preparing IGNOU BGDG-172 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2022-23: While preparing the IGNOU BGDG-172 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2022-23, students must adhere to the following guidelines:
FREE IGNOU BGDG-172 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2022-23 –
1. Masculinity and Femininity in India: Shaping Gender Roles
In India, like many other societies, masculinity and femininity are complex and multi-faceted concepts deeply rooted in cultural, historical, and societal norms. These terms refer to the socially constructed attributes, behaviors, and roles associated with being male or female, respectively. While these roles and attributes are not inherent to one’s biological sex, they are learned and reinforced through socialization from a young age.
Masculinity in India: Traditional masculinity in India is often associated with traits like strength, dominance, assertiveness, and being the provider for the family. Men are expected to exhibit control over emotions and be the decision-makers. Historically, there has been a strong emphasis on patriarchy, with men holding positions of power in both the household and society. This has shaped gender roles, with men being primary breadwinners and having more significant influence in public and political spheres.
Femininity in India: Traditional femininity in India has been associated with traits like nurturing, emotional sensitivity, submissiveness, and caregiving. Women are often expected to prioritize family responsibilities and maintain the harmony of the household. Historically, women have faced restrictions on their mobility and opportunities for education and work, reinforcing traditional gender roles.
Impact on Gender Roles: Masculinity and femininity play a crucial role in shaping gender roles in Indian society. These roles have been deeply ingrained in the collective psyche and are perpetuated through social institutions, cultural norms, and media representations. As a result, they influence the distribution of power, access to resources, and opportunities for men and women.
- Family Dynamics: Gender roles impact family dynamics significantly. Men are often seen as the primary breadwinners, and their role is associated with economic responsibilities, decision-making, and authority. Women, on the other hand, are often expected to take care of household chores, raise children, and prioritize family needs over personal ambitions. These roles can lead to unequal power dynamics within the family, with men having more say in major decisions.
- Education and Workforce Participation: Traditional gender roles can impact education and workforce participation. Women, especially in rural areas, may face barriers to education due to cultural norms and economic constraints. Even if educated, societal expectations may pressure them to prioritize marriage and family over careers. This can result in lower female labor force participation and contribute to the gender wage gap.
- Leadership and Politics: Gender roles also shape the underrepresentation of women in leadership positions and politics. Stereotypes surrounding women’s leadership abilities and their traditional roles as caregivers often lead to fewer opportunities for women in politics and top corporate positions.
- Violence Against Women: Traditional masculinity norms can contribute to the perpetuation of violence against women. Toxic notions of male entitlement, dominance, and control can lead to gender-based violence, harassment, and discrimination against women.
Changing Paradigms: While traditional gender roles have been deeply ingrained, there are ongoing efforts to challenge and reshape these norms. Women’s empowerment movements, legal reforms, and initiatives promoting gender equality have gained traction in recent years. Women are breaking barriers and excelling in traditionally male-dominated fields, challenging stereotypes, and creating new role models.
In conclusion, masculinity and femininity play a crucial role in shaping gender roles in India. Traditional gender norms influence family dynamics, education, workforce participation, leadership, and the prevalence of violence against women. However, with changing times, there is hope for a more equitable society, where individuals can transcend traditional gender roles and be free to express their identities and talents without discrimination or limitations.