IGNOU BPCG-176 is a course under the Bachelor of Arts (BA) program offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU). To successfully complete the course and be eligible to appear for the exams in June 2024, students are required to submit the IGNOU BPCG-176 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 for the academic year 2023-24. Below are the details of the IGNOU BPCG-176 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24:

Assignments FOR JULY 2023 AND JAN 2024 ADMISSION




IGNOU BPCG-176 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 Submission: Students are advised to submit the IGNOU BPCG-176 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 as per the specified schedule. The assignments must be submitted in soft copy/PDF format through the designated portal or email, as instructed by the university.

Guidelines for Preparing IGNOU BPCG-176 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24: While preparing the IGNOU BPCG-176 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24, students must adhere to the following guidelines:


Answer the following questions in about 500 words each. Each question carries 20 marks. 2 x 20 = 40
1. Explain gender role attitudes and their measurement. Discuss social role theory of Alice Eagley.

Gender Role Attitudes and Their Measurement: Gender role attitudes refer to the beliefs, values, and opinions that individuals hold about the appropriate behaviors, roles, and responsibilities of men and women in society. These attitudes are shaped by cultural, social, and historical contexts and play a significant role in influencing people’s behaviors and interactions. Gender role attitudes can range from traditional to egalitarian, with traditional attitudes emphasizing distinct and traditional roles for men and women, while egalitarian attitudes support more equal and flexible roles regardless of gender.

Measuring gender role attitudes involves assessing individuals’ beliefs about gender roles and their endorsement of certain behaviors and responsibilities associated with each gender. Several methods are used to measure gender role attitudes:

  1. Surveys and Questionnaires: Researchers often design surveys or questionnaires that include statements or scenarios related to gender roles. Participants then indicate their level of agreement or disagreement with these statements. For example, participants might be asked to rate their agreement with statements like “Men should be the primary breadwinners” or “Women should prioritize their careers as much as men.”
  2. Scale Development: Researchers create scales that capture different dimensions of gender role attitudes. These scales consist of a set of statements that collectively assess an individual’s attitudes. By analyzing responses to these statements, researchers can quantify the extent to which individuals hold traditional or egalitarian attitudes.
  3. Experimental Methods: Experimental studies might present participants with scenarios that challenge traditional gender roles or reinforce them. By observing participants’ reactions and choices in these scenarios, researchers can gain insights into their underlying attitudes.
  4. Interviews and Focus Groups: Qualitative methods like interviews and focus groups allow researchers to explore participants’ attitudes in-depth. These methods provide a more nuanced understanding of the reasons behind individuals’ attitudes.
  5. Implicit Measures: Some researchers use implicit measures to assess unconscious or automatic associations with gender roles. These measures often involve reaction time tasks that reveal hidden biases individuals might have towards traditional gender roles.

The Social Role Theory of Alice Eagly:

The social role theory, proposed by Alice Eagly and her colleagues, is a psychological theory that seeks to explain the development of gender differences in behavior and attitudes. The theory suggests that these differences arise primarily due to the social roles and expectations associated with being male or female in a given society. Eagly’s theory challenges biological determinism by emphasizing the role of societal influences in shaping gender differences.

The key principles of the social role theory include:

  1. Division of Labor: The theory posits that historically, men and women have been assigned different roles in society due to their physical differences. Men were often responsible for tasks requiring strength and endurance, while women took on caregiving and domestic roles.
  2. Socialization: Individuals are socialized into these gender-specific roles from a young age through interactions with family, peers, media, and other societal institutions. This socialization leads to the internalization of gender norms and expectations.
  3. Role Expectations: As individuals grow up, they internalize the expectations associated with their gender roles. These expectations influence their behaviors, attitudes, and self-concepts.
  4. Role Flexibility: While the social role theory acknowledges historical gender differences, it also emphasizes that individuals can adapt and change their behaviors based on their circumstances. As societal roles evolve, so do gender roles and attitudes.
  5. Gender Differences and Similarities: Eagly’s theory predicts that gender differences will be more pronounced in contexts where the roles are clearly differentiated (e.g., the workplace), but these differences might be smaller or even reversed in contexts where roles are less distinct.
  6. Cultural Variation: The theory recognizes that gender roles can vary across cultures and historical periods, highlighting the influence of cultural and societal factors on gender role development.

In conclusion, gender role attitudes are beliefs about the appropriate behaviors and responsibilities of men and women, which can vary from traditional to egalitarian. These attitudes are measured through surveys, scales, experiments, interviews, and implicit measures. Alice Eagly’s social role theory explains gender differences as emerging from societal roles and expectations, challenging biological determinism and highlighting the importance of socialization and cultural context in shaping gender-related attitudes and behaviors.

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