2. Tibet Factor in India-China Relations:

The Tibet factor significantly influences India-China relations due to historical, geopolitical, and security considerations:

a) Historical Context: Tibet shares a historical and cultural connection with India. The presence of the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan government-in-exile in India adds a sensitive dimension to bilateral relations.

b) Border Disputes: The Tibet factor is closely tied to border disputes between India and China. China’s control over Tibet has implications for territorial claims along the India-China border, leading to tensions and conflicts like the 1962 Sino-Indian War.

c) Security Concerns: China’s militarization of Tibet raises security concerns for India, as it enables rapid deployment of Chinese forces near the border. This has prompted India to enhance its border infrastructure and military preparedness.

d) Dalai Lama’s Exile: China considers the Dalai Lama a separatist threat, while India hosts him as a spiritual leader. This has periodically strained bilateral relations, particularly when India’s engagements with the Dalai Lama coincide with sensitive diplomatic contexts.

e) Geopolitical Maneuvering: China’s influence in Tibet extends to its bordering countries, including India’s neighbors like Nepal. China’s Belt and Road Initiative also has implications for Tibet, impacting India’s regional interests.

In conclusion, the Tibet factor adds complexity to India-China relations, influencing border disputes, security dynamics, and geopolitical maneuvering.


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