IGNOU MCOM QUESTION PAPER DECEMBER 2021

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Graduate Diploma in International Business Operations/ IGNOU MCOM QUESTION PAPER DECEMBER 2021 Masters of Commerce
1.      IBO-01 International Business Environment Dec  2021
2.      IBO-02 International Marketing Management Dec  2021
3.      IBO-03 India’s Foreign Trade Dec  2021
4.      IBO-04 Export- Import Procedures and Documentation Dec  2021
5.      IBO-05 International Marketing Logistics Dec  2021
6.      IBO-06 International Business Finance Dec  2021
7.      MCO-01 Organisation Theory and Behavior Dec  2021
8.      MCO-03 Research Methodology and Statistical Analysis Dec  2021
9.      MCO-04 Business Environment Dec  2021
10.   MCO-05 Accounting for Managerial Decisions Dec  2021
11.   MCO-06 Marketing Management Dec  2021
12.   MCO-07 Financial Management Dec  2021
Post Graduate Diploma in International Business Operations/ Masters of  Commerce IGNOU MCOM QUESTION PAPER JUNE 2021 –
1.      IBO-01 International Business Environment JUNE 2021
2.      IBO-02 International Marketing Management JUNE 2021
3.      IBO-03 India’s Foreign Trade JUNE 2021
4.      IBO-04 Export- Import Procedures and Documentation JUNE 2021
5.      IBO-05 International Marketing Logistics JUNE 2021
6.      IBO-06 International Business Finance JUNE 2021
7.      MCO-01 Organisation Theory and Behavior JUNE 2021
8.      MCO-03 Research Methodology and Statistical Analysis JUNE 2021
9.      MCO-04 Business Environment JUNE 2021
10.   MCO-05 Accounting for Managerial Decisions JUNE 2021
11.   MCO-06 Marketing Management JUNE 2021
12.   MCO-07 Financial Management JUNE 2021
Post Graduate Diploma in International Business Operations/ IGNOU MCOM QUESTION PAPER DECEMBER 2020 Masters of Commerce
1.      IBO-01 International Business Environment Dec  2020
2.      IBO-02 International Marketing Management Dec  2020
3.      IBO-03 India’s Foreign Trade Dec  2020
4.      IBO-04 Export- Import Procedures and Documentation Dec  2020
5.      IBO-05 International Marketing Logistics Dec  2020
6.      IBO-06 International Business Finance Dec  2020
7.      MCO-01 Organisation Theory and Behavior Dec  2020
8.      MCO-03 Research Methodology and Statistical Analysis Dec  2020
9.      MCO-04 Business Environment Dec  2020
10.   MCO-05 Accounting for Managerial Decisions Dec  2020
11.   MCO-06 Marketing Management Dec  2020
12.   MCO-07 Financial Management Dec  2020

Contents hide
1 IBO-01 NOTES FOR EXAMS

IBO-01 NOTES FOR EXAMS

Answer - The main components of balance of payments are: (i) Current account, and (ii) Capital account
Answer - Since the current account is a function of the real exchange rate.
Answer - Following are the methods of correcting the disequilibrium in balance of payment: (1) Use of past reserves (2) Borrowings from international monetary fund (3) Monetary policy (4) Fiscal policy (5) Exchange rate adjustment.
Answer - The usual monetary policy measures are as under:  (i) Change in interest rates (ii) Change in credit policy by changing cash reserve ratio, liquidity ratio. (iii) Open market operation i.e. issue of treasury bills bonds and securities by the government. (iv) Changing the margin requirements
Answer - The expenditure policy and taxation policy of the government
Answer - taxation policy and public expenditure policy
Answer - Some important noon-equity forms of technology transfer: (i) Strategic alliance (ii) Sub-contracting (iii) Outright sale/purchase of technology (iv) Management contract (v) Franchising.
Answer - Global environment means the factors operating on a worldwide basis or regional basis.
Answer - WTO International trade organization and agreements like World Trade Organization (WTO), United Nation Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC), Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), International Commodity Agreements.
Answer - Following are the major problems faced by developing countries in promoting their exports: (1) Low income elasticity of demand (2) Competition from substitutes (3) Technological developments resulting in demand decline (4) Growth of service sector (5) In elasticity of supply (6) Wide fluctuations in the prices (7) Protectionism including subsidies and tariff and non-tariff barriers (8) Managed trade (9) Non-trade issues including child labour, environmental protection, arms spending, human rights record, labour standards, good governance etc. (10) Multinational corporation’s influence.
स्वतंत्र सहमति से बने हैं, सक्षम पार्टी द्वारा बनाए गए हैं, वैध विचार और वैध वस्तु है|
Answer - पार्टियों के पारस्परिक कानूनी अधिकार और दायित्व
Answer - जो कानूनी रूप से बाध्यकारी अधिकार और पार्टियों के दायित्वों को बनाता है।
Answer - जो तब तक वैध है जब तक कि ऐसा करने के हकदार पार्टी द्वारा इसे टाला नहीं जाता है
Answer - निर्यात एक देश को कम निर्यात करने वाले अन्य देशों पर राजनीतिक लाभ देता है।
Answer - अन्य वस्तुओं के सापेक्ष अच्छे, उत्पादन करने की इसकी लागत कम से कम अन्य देशों की तरह हो।
उपभोक्ताओं को अधिक कीमत चुकानी पड़ती है, उत्पादकों को अधिक लाभ मिलता है , माल की गुणवत्ता प्रभावित हो सकती है|
Answer - किसी देश की संस्कृति को समझने के लिए महत्वपूर्ण तत्व हैं: भाषा, सौंदर्यशास्त्र, शिक्षा, धर्म और अंधविश्वास, दृष्टिकोण और मूल्य, सामग्री संस्कृति, सामाजिक समूह और संगठन, व्यापार सीमा शुल्क और प्रथाओं।
Answer - स्थिर विनिमय दर शासन सुनिश्चित करने और भुगतान संतुलन में संकट का सामना करने वाले देशों को आपातकालीन सहायता प्रदान करना।
Answer - विकास में देशों की सहायता करना।
उत्पादन की लागत, विनिमय दर, कच्चे माल की उपलब्धता और घर पर निर्मित वस्तुओं की कीमतें।
उत्तर - आयातित तेल पर 12% मूल्य के बराबर कर
Answer -  टैरिफ सरकारी राजस्व उत्पन्न करता है, जबकि कोटा (जब तक यह बेचा जाता है) नहीं करता है।
चालू खाता, पूंजी खाता, रिजर्व खाता, त्रुटियां और चूक।
Answer - Types of Balances
  1. Trade Balance
    • Merchandise: exports - imports of goods
    • Services: exports - imports of services
  2. Income Balance
    • Net investment income: net income receipts from assets
    • Net international compensation to employees: net compensation of Employees
  3. Net Unilateral Transfers
    • Gifts from foreign countries minus gifts to foreign countries
Answer - Short fall in the exports

Main Causes of Disequilibrium In The BOP -

  1. Cyclical fluctuations
  2. Short fall in the exports
  3. Economic Development
  4. Rapid increase in population
  5. Structural Changes
  6. Natural Calamites
  7. International Capital Movements
Answer - Total Receipts exceeds Total Payments.

Mcom : Master Of Commerce

Subject Solved Assignments Note/Question Papers
1ST YEAR

IBO 1

IBO 2

IBO 3

IBO 4

IBO 5

IBO 6

2ND YEAR

MCO 1

MCO 2

MCO 3

MCO 4

MCO 5

MCO 6

MCO 7

 

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