c. Narrative Techniques in ‘Gajar Halwa’:

‘Gajar Halwa,’ a short story by O. Henry, is known for its unique narrative techniques that contribute to its humor, irony, and surprise ending. O. Henry employs several narrative techniques to engage the reader and create a memorable reading experience.

  1. Foreshadowing: O. Henry subtly hints at the unexpected twist in the story through foreshadowing. The title itself, “Gajar Halwa,” suggests an Indian dessert, setting the stage for the humorous misunderstanding that unfolds. Throughout the story, the mention of characters’ actions and reactions builds anticipation for the eventual revelation.
  2. Irony: Irony is a central narrative technique in the story. The reader is led to believe that Gobind Ram is a wealthy connoisseur of fine food, only to discover that he is a humble peddler of carrot halwa. The contrast between appearance and reality creates situational irony, leading to comedic and unexpected outcomes.
  3. Dialogue: O. Henry uses dialogue effectively to reveal character traits and advance the plot. The witty exchanges between Gobind Ram and the officers highlight the miscommunication and cultural differences, contributing to the comedic elements of the story.
  4. Suspense: The narrative maintains suspense by gradually revealing information about Gobind Ram’s true identity and intentions. The reader becomes curious about Gobind Ram’s motives and eagerly awaits the resolution of the misunderstanding.
  5. Narrator’s Voice: O. Henry’s distinct narrative voice adds to the story’s charm. The narrator’s omniscient and humorous commentary on the characters’ thoughts and actions engages the reader and enhances the comedic elements.
  6. Shift in Perspective: The story employs a shift in perspective to create surprise. Initially, the reader sees the events from the officers’ point of view, assuming Gobind Ram’s true identity. The narrative then shifts to Gobind Ram’s perspective, revealing his actual role and intentions.
  7. Timing and Pacing: O. Henry carefully controls the pacing of the story, building tension and curiosity as the events unfold. The gradual revelation of Gobind Ram’s actions and the officers’ reactions contributes to the story’s comedic climax.
  8. Cultural Contrast: The narrative techniques also highlight the cultural differences and misunderstandings between the characters. The clash of perspectives adds depth to the story and underscores its humorous aspects.

In conclusion, ‘Gajar Halwa’ employs a combination of foreshadowing, irony, dialogue, suspense, and narrative voice to create a humorous and engaging narrative. O. Henry’s skillful use of these techniques enhances the reader’s experience and underscores the story’s central theme of miscommunication and cultural misperception.

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1 Response

  1. Rihana says:

    this story is written R K Narayan .not Tagore

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