The nomadic way of life through history was viewed as barbaric and can be found listed along with natural disasters by settled societies and civilizations. During middle ages, the Mongol and Huns with their periodic raids through the towns of Asia and Europe destroying all symbols of civilizations reinforced the savage barbarian images of these nomads. The data available on nomads in the period of prehistory and early history is very limited and fragmentary.

However, with limited sources the researches by anthropologists archaeologists, pre-historians and scholars working on nomadic groups could somewhat displace the notions of savagery attached to nomads and establish that there was much more to these cultures than merely plundering savagery. As a result of these researches we are now in a position to understand to some extent the way of life, social and political structures and economy of pastoral nomads. Apart from the archaeological materials, documentations and historical evidence studies on these nomads are based on the living cultures of these groups to the present day. Scholars have made use of all these to have an insight in nomadic cultures.

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