Poetry analysis: In Westminster Abbey John Betjeman

Poetry analysis: In Westminster Abbey John Betjeman

The Castle Edwin Muir

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Let me take this other glove off
As the vox humana swells,
And the beauteous fields of Eden
Bask beneath the Abbey bells.
Here, where England’s statesmen lie,
Listen to a lady’s cry.

Gracious Lord, oh bomb the Germans.
Spare their women for Thy Sake,
And if that is not too easy
We will pardon Thy Mistake.
But, gracious Lord, whate’er shall be,
Don’t let anyone bomb me.

Keep our Empire undismembered
Guide our Forces by Thy Hand,
Gallant blacks from far Jamaica,
Honduras and Togoland;
Protect them Lord in all their fights,
And, even more, protect the whites.

Think of what our Nation stands for,
Books from Boots and country lanes,
Free speech, free passes, class distinction,
Democracy and proper drains.
Lord, put beneath Thy special care
One-eighty-nine Cadogan Square.

Although dear Lord I am a sinner,
I have done no major crime;
Now I’ll come to Evening Service
Whensoever I have the time.
So, Lord, reserve for me a crown.
And do not let my shares go down.

I will labour for Thy Kingdom,
Help our lads to win the war,
Send white feathers to the cowards
Join the Women’s Army Corps,
Then wash the Steps around Thy Throne
In the Eternal Safety Zone.

Now I feel a little better,
What a treat to hear Thy Word,
Where the bones of leading statesmen,
Have so often been interr’d.
And now, dear Lord, I cannot wait
Because I have a luncheon date.

The ballad is set amid the second world war when Britain, was a piece of an organization together of countries which were battling against German expansionism in Europe and North Africa

Britain, and London specifically, was liable to customary bombarding attacks by the German aviation based armed forces.

English society of the time was unbendingly partitioned into social classes – the speaker in the sonnet is a well off high society lady who lives in 189 Cadogan Square, an exceptionally rich piece of West London.

Subject

The lyric is an emotional monolog – a ballad in which the artist makes a character who represents the whole lyric to a group of people who does not react. Over the span of the lyric, the speaker’s character and mentalities are uncovered to the peruser.

This sensational monolog is a humorous sonnet. The more the lady says the more the artist uncovers her defects and opens her to derision and hatred.

Through the sonnet Betjeman parodies, not only this one lady, but rather the English high society.

Tone

Being a sensational monolog the tone is commanded by the talking voice of the well-off woman. Her tone all through is bossy, overbearing and stooping

Past the talking voice of the lady, the peruser can detect the artist’s disdain for this sort of individual

Dialect

In this sensational monolog the writer makes a circumstance in which we catch a rich English lady supplicate in Westminster Abbey. He utilizes incongruity all through, as the lady unwittingly in the process gives her actual character away.

Her gaudy utilization of Latin in the main verse – “Vox humana” – while tending to God recommends a self important, proud character

The writer utilizes the customary dialect of acclaim and love – “Thoughtful Lord”, ” dear Lord”, the inspiration for her supplication is consistently appeared to be a progression of base intentions and not in any sense profound or honorable

In the second verse she begs God to – “goodness bomb the Germans” – fuses a smug suspicion that God is fierce and shares her partialities

Her self-centredness seems a few times in the rhymed couplets toward the finish of verses 2 and 4

In the third verse her majestic pride radiates through when she supplicates that God “keep our Empire undismembered”

As the verse advances her feeling of racial prevalence rises when she requests that the Lord secure the “Chivalrous blacks” from Britain’s domain who have joined the armed force however the verse closes with “Ensure them Lord in every one of their battles/And considerably more secure the whites.”

Betjeman depicts her as more realist than profound. Her childish realism is taunted by the rhymed couplet toward the finish of verse 5 when she asks “Thus, Lord, save for me a crown/And don’t release my offers down.”

Her unchristian resentment is obvious in the pride with which she offers to send “white quills to weaklings.”

Her weak Christianity is clear when she guarantees to go to “Night Service/Whensoever I have room schedule-wise” and considerably more unmistakably in the rhymed couplet that closures the ballad – “And now dear Lord, I can’t hold up/Because I have a lunch meeting date”.

Structure

The lyric is composed in seven sextets. Like An Irish Airman there are eight syllables for every line except in this sonnet the cadence is trochaic tetrameter instead of rhyming. By setting the weight on the primary syllable of each “foot” the writer helps catch the speakers bossy tone.

The sonnet has a bouncy/buoyant mood which passes on the deviousness of the supplication as it needs force.

Each verse rhymes abcbdd. The rhymed couplet toward the finish of each is especially compelling for pushing and scorning her imperfections. (Westminster Abbey John Betjeman)

La balada se establece en medio de la segunda guerra mundial cuando Gran Bretaña, fue una pieza de una organización de países que estaban luchando contra el expansionismo alemán en Europa y África del Norte

Gran Bretaña y Londres específicamente, era responsable de ataques de bombardeo habituales por las fuerzas armadas alemanas basadas en la aviación.

La sociedad inglesa de la época se dividió en las clases sociales – el orador en el soneto es una señora de la alta sociedad que vive en 189 Cadogan Square, una pieza excepcionalmente rica de West London.

Tema

La lírica es un monólogo emocional – una balada en la que el artista hace un personaje que representa toda la lírica a un grupo de personas que no reacciona. Durante el lapso de la lírica, el personaje del hablante y las mentalidades se descubren para el peruser.

Este monólogo sensacional es un soneto humorístico. Cuanto más dice la dama, más el artista descubre sus defectos y la abre a la burla y al odio.

A través del soneto Betjeman parodia, no sólo esta única dama, sino más bien la alta sociedad inglesa.(Westminster Abbey John Betjeman)

Tono

Siendo un monólogo sensacional el tono es comandado por la voz habladora de la mujer acomodada. Su tono es mandón, autoritario y agachado (Westminster Abbey John Betjeman)

Más allá de la voz parlante de la señora, el peruser puede detectar el desdén del artista por este tipo de individuo

Dialecto

En este monólogo sensacional el escritor hace una circunstancia en la que atrapar a una rica dama inglesa suplica en la Abadía de Westminster. Él utiliza la incongruencia a través de, como la dama involuntariamente en el proceso da su carácter real de distancia.

Su uso llamativo del latín en el verso principal – “Vox humana” – mientras que tiende a Dios recomienda un carácter importante, orgulloso de uno mismo

El escritor utiliza el dialecto habitual de la aclamación y el amor – “Señor reflexivo”, “querido Señor”, la inspiración para su súplica es consistentemente parece ser una progresión de las intenciones de base y no en cualquier sentido profundo o honorable

En el segundo verso pide a Dios que “la bondad bombardea a los alemanes” funde una sospechosa sospecha de que Dios es feroz y comparte sus parcialidades (Westminster Abbey John Betjeman)

Su egocentrismo parece algunas veces en los versos rimados hacia el final de los versículos 2 y 4

En el tercer verso su orgullo majestuoso irradia a través cuando ella suplica que Dios “mantenga nuestro Imperio undismembered”(Westminster Abbey John Betjeman)

A medida que el verso avanza, su sentimiento de prevalencia racial se eleva cuando pide que el Señor asegure a los “negros caballerescos” del dominio de Gran Bretaña que se han unido a la fuerza armada sin embargo el versículo se cierra con “Asegurarlos Señor en cada una de sus batallas / asegurar a los blancos “.

Betjeman la describe como más realista que profunda. Su realismo infantil se burla de la copla rimada hacia el final del versículo 5 cuando ella pregunta: “Así, Señor, sálvame una corona / Y no sueltes mis ofertas”.

Su resentimiento anticristiano es obvio en el orgullo con que se ofrece a enviar “piedras blancas a los débiles”.

Su débil cristianismo está claro cuando ella garantiza ir a “Servicio nocturno / Siempre que tengo horario de la habitación” y mucho más inconfundiblemente en la copla rimada que cierra la balada – “Y ahora, querido Señor, no puedo sostener / Tengo una cita para el almuerzo “.

Estructura

La lírica está compuesta en siete sextetos. Como un aviador irlandés hay ocho sílabas para cada línea excepto en este soneto la cadencia es tetrámetro trochaico en vez de rima. Al establecer el peso en la sílaba primaria de cada “pie” el escritor ayuda a captar el tono mandón de los altavoces.(Westminster Abbey John Betjeman)

El soneto tiene un humor bouncy / boyante que pasa en la tortuosidad de la súplica como necesita fuerza.

Cada verso rima abcbdd. El couplet rimado hacia el final de cada uno es especialmente convincente para empujar y despreciar sus imperfecciones(Westminster Abbey John Betjeman)

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1 Response

  1. 2017

    […] Poetry analysis: In Westminster Abbey John Betjeman […]

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