IGNOU BHIC-134 is a course under the Bachelor of Arts (BA) program offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU). To successfully complete the course and be eligible to appear for the exams in June 2024, students are required to submit the IGNOU BHIC-134 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 for the academic year 2023-24. Below are the details of the IGNOU BHIC-134 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24:

Assignments FOR JULY 2023 AND JAN 2024 ADMISSION




IGNOU BHIC-134 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 Submission: Students are advised to submit the IGNOU BHIC-134 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 as per the specified schedule. The assignments must be submitted in soft copy/PDF format through the designated portal or email, as instructed by the university.

Guidelines for Preparing IGNOU BHIC-134 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24: While preparing the IGNOU BHIC-134 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24, students must adhere to the following guidelines:


Answer the following in about 500 words each.
1.Was 18th century a ‘Dark Age’ in india?Discuss.20

The 18th century in India was characterized by the decline of the Mughal Empire, which had previously been a dominant force in the region. Internal conflicts, administrative inefficiency, and invasions by foreign powers led to a weakened Mughal rule. As a result, the subcontinent saw the emergence of various regional powers and princely states vying for control. This fragmentation did bring about a level of political instability, but it also allowed local cultures and economies to flourish independently.

Economically, there were challenges such as the decline of trade routes due to European maritime dominance and the exploitation of Indian resources by foreign powers. However, it’s important to note that this century also saw the rise of important trade centers and industries. Indian textiles, for instance, continued to be in high demand globally. The British colonial presence, although detrimental in many ways, did introduce certain infrastructural developments like railways and telecommunication, which laid the foundation for future growth.

Culturally, the 18th century wasn’t entirely a period of darkness. While the grand architectural projects of the Mughal era waned, there was still a continuation of artistic and cultural activities. The regional courts became centers of artistic patronage, leading to the development of distinct regional artistic styles and traditions. This period also witnessed the Bhakti and Sufi movements, which emphasized personal devotion and a more direct connection with the divine, contributing to significant literary and philosophical works.

In assessing the term “Dark Age,” it’s important to avoid oversimplification. While political instability and foreign interventions created challenges, there were also moments of resilience, innovation, and cultural exchange. The 18th century laid the groundwork for the social and political transformations that would occur in the subsequent centuries, leading to the eventual Indian independence movement.

In conclusion, labeling the 18th century in India as a “Dark Age” overlooks the multifaceted nature of this period. While there were undoubtedly challenges brought about by political turmoil, economic shifts, and cultural changes, there were also instances of growth, artistic expression, and social transformation. It’s more accurate to view the 18th century as a transitional era that set the stage for the complex trajectory of India’s modern history.

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