IGNOU BPSC-134 is a course under the Bachelor of Arts (BA) program offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU). To successfully complete the course and be eligible to appear for the exams in June 2024, students are required to submit the IGNOU BPSC-134 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 for the academic year 2023-24.

Below are the details of the IGNOU BPSC-134 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24:

Assignments FOR JULY 2023 AND JAN 2024 ADMISSION




IGNOU BPSC-134 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 Submission: Students are advised to submit the IGNOU BPSC-134 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 as per the specified schedule. The assignments must be submitted in soft copy/PDF format through the designated portal or email, as instructed by the university.

Guidelines for Preparing IGNOU BPSC-134 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24: While preparing the IGNOU BPSC-134 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24, students must adhere to the following guidelines:


Answer the following in about 500 words each.
1. Critically examine the role of international organisations and multilateralism in world politics

The Role of International Organizations and Multilateralism in World Politics

International organizations and multilateralism play a pivotal role in shaping and influencing world politics. They provide platforms for countries to cooperate, negotiate, and address global challenges collectively. In a highly interconnected and interdependent world, these entities contribute to the maintenance of peace, security, development, and cooperation among nations. However, their effectiveness is subject to various challenges and criticisms.

International organizations serve as mechanisms for promoting diplomacy, conflict resolution, and cooperation among countries. They create spaces for dialogue, negotiation, and consensus-building, helping to prevent conflicts from escalating into full-scale wars. Organizations like the United Nations (UN), World Trade Organization (WTO), and International Monetary Fund (IMF) facilitate discussions on global issues, such as human rights, trade disputes, and financial stability. These platforms provide opportunities for countries to address shared concerns and work towards common goals.

Moreover, international organizations are instrumental in addressing transnational challenges that no single country can tackle alone. Issues like climate change, pandemics, terrorism, and migration require coordinated efforts to find effective solutions. Multilateralism enables countries to pool resources, share expertise, and implement collective strategies to mitigate these challenges. For example, the Paris Agreement on climate change brought nations together to set emission reduction targets and commit to global environmental protection.

Multilateral institutions also contribute to economic development and stability by fostering cooperation in trade and finance. The WTO facilitates negotiations to reduce trade barriers, promote fair trade practices, and settle disputes. The IMF provides financial assistance and policy advice to countries facing economic crises, helping to stabilize economies and prevent contagion effects. These organizations promote a rules-based international order that encourages predictable interactions and reduces the likelihood of conflicts arising from economic disparities.

Despite their contributions, international organizations and multilateralism face criticisms and challenges. One key concern is the issue of sovereignty. Some countries fear that participating in multilateral agreements might compromise their national sovereignty by subjecting them to decisions made by a collective body. Additionally, power dynamics among member states can lead to unequal influence and decision-making within these organizations. This can result in the interests of more powerful nations dominating over those of smaller and less developed countries, potentially undermining the principles of fairness and inclusivity.

Moreover, the effectiveness of international organizations is sometimes hindered by bureaucratic inefficiencies, political gridlock, and lack of enforcement mechanisms. Decisions within these organizations often require consensus among diverse member states, which can lead to slow and watered-down responses to pressing issues. For instance, the UN Security Council’s ability to take decisive action on matters of global security is often hampered by veto powers held by its permanent members.

In conclusion, international organizations and multilateralism are vital components of world politics. They provide avenues for diplomacy, cooperation, and collective problem-solving, helping to prevent conflicts, address global challenges, and promote economic development. While they have been successful in many instances, they also face criticisms and challenges, including concerns about sovereignty, unequal influence, and bureaucratic inefficiencies. As the world continues to evolve, the role and effectiveness of these entities will depend on the willingness of nations to collaborate, adapt, and uphold the principles of multilateralism while addressing their shortcomings.

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