FREE IGNOU BEGG-173 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24
DOWNLOAD HERE IGNOU BEGG-173 ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 AND ALSO check out IGNOU BEGG-173 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 GUIDELINES. यहाँ BEGG-173 ASSIGNMENT 2022-23 डाउनलोड करें और इसके अलावा IGNOU BEGG-173 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 की GUIDELINES भी देखें।
Below are the details of the IGNOU BEGG-173 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24:
- Program: BEGG-173 (Bachelor of Arts – BA)
- Course Code: BEGG-173
- Session: July 2023 – January 2024
- IGNOU BEGG-173 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 Submission Dates:
- Assignment 2023-24: Last date for submission – 30th April 2024
- Assignment 2023-24: Last date for submission – 30th October 2024
Assignment Submission: Students are advised to submit the IGNOU BEGG-173 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 as per the specified schedule. The assignments must be submitted in soft copy/PDF format through the designated portal or email, as instructed by the university.
Guidelines for Preparing IGNOU BEGG-173 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24: While preparing the IGNOU BEGG-173 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24, students must adhere to the following guidelines:
FREE IGNOU BEGG-173 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 –
1. The components of the ‘pre-writing stage’ in the process approach to writing involve essential activities that writers undertake before actually composing the text. These components include:
a. Brainstorming: Writers generate ideas and explore various angles related to the topic.
b. Outlining: Organizing the main points and supporting details in a structured manner.
c. Research: Gathering relevant information from credible sources to support the content.
d. Audience analysis: Considering the target readers and their needs to tailor the writing accordingly.
e. Setting goals: Defining the purpose and objectives of the writing task.
f. Selecting the appropriate writing style: Deciding whether the piece will be informative, persuasive, or entertaining.
g. Drafting: Creating the initial version of the content, which will be revised and edited later.
The pre-writing stage is crucial as it sets the foundation for a well-structured and coherent piece of writing.
2. The function of a ‘topic sentence’ in a paragraph is to introduce the main idea or central point of that particular paragraph. It acts as a roadmap, informing the reader about what to expect in the following sentences. The topic sentence not only provides cohesion to the overall text but also aids in organizing the content in a logical and coherent manner.
A well-crafted topic sentence:
a. Clearly expresses the main idea of the paragraph.
b. Helps maintain focus on the topic or theme.
c. Guides the reader through the content.
d. Sets the tone and direction of the paragraph.
e. Facilitates smooth transitions between paragraphs.
In academic writing, clear topic sentences are particularly important as they help readers grasp the key points without getting lost in the details.
3. Citations are essential in academic writing for several reasons:
a. Acknowledging sources: Citations give credit to the original authors or researchers, showing respect for their work.
b. Demonstrating credibility: Properly citing reputable sources enhances the writer’s credibility by demonstrating that their work is supported by existing evidence.
c. Avoiding plagiarism: Citations help prevent plagiarism by giving due credit to the original sources of information or ideas.
d. Allowing verification: Readers can trace and verify the information presented by referring to the cited sources.
e. Building on existing knowledge: Citations show how the current work contributes to the existing body of knowledge in the field.
In summary, citations add authenticity, trustworthiness, and integrity to academic writing.
4. Expository writing is a type of writing that aims to inform, explain, describe, or present factual information to the reader. Its main features include:
a. Clarity: Expository writing should be clear, straightforward, and easy for the audience to understand.
b. Objectivity: It should present information in an unbiased and neutral manner, avoiding personal opinions or emotions.
c. Structure: A typical expository piece has a well-organized structure, often following a logical sequence or chronological order.
d. Evidence and examples: It relies on credible evidence, facts, statistics, and real-life examples to support the information presented.
e. Coherence: Expository writing should flow smoothly, with each paragraph contributing to the overall theme.
f. Use of transitions: Effective use of transition words and phrases to connect ideas and maintain coherence.
Expository writing is common in textbooks, news articles, research papers, and essays that aim to educate and inform the reader about a specific topic.
5. Writing a business proposal requires careful consideration of various aspects:
a. Understanding the client’s needs: Clearly identify the client’s requirements and tailor the proposal to address their specific needs.
b. Executive summary: Provide a concise overview of the proposal, highlighting the key points and benefits.
c. Scope and objectives: Clearly define the scope of the project and the objectives to be achieved.
d. Budget and timeline: Present a detailed breakdown of the project cost and the timeline for completion.
e. Qualifications and experience: Showcase the qualifications, expertise, and relevant experience of your team.
f. Unique selling points: Highlight what sets your proposal apart from competitors and why your solution is the best fit.
g. Risk assessment and mitigation: Address potential risks and demonstrate how you plan to handle them.
h. Terms and conditions: Clearly state any terms, conditions, or contractual agreements related to the proposal.
i. Visual aids: Use graphs, charts, and images to support your points and make the proposal visually engaging.
j. Proofreading and editing: Ensure the proposal is error-free and professionally presented.
A well-crafted business proposal can significantly increase the chances of winning new contracts or partnerships.
- Understanding Plagiarism and Avoidance in Academic Writing:
Plagiarism is the act of presenting someone else’s ideas, words, or work as one’s own without proper acknowledgment or giving credit to the original source. It is considered unethical and a serious offense in academic and professional settings. Plagiarism can take various forms, such as directly copying and pasting from a source, paraphrasing without proper citation, and even self-plagiarism (submitting one’s own previous work without proper citation). Plagiarism undermines the principles of intellectual honesty, academic integrity, and originality.
To avoid plagiarism in academic writing, one can follow these key steps:
- Cite Sources Properly: Whenever you use someone else’s ideas, data, or words, provide proper in-text citations and include the source in your bibliography or reference list. Different academic disciplines have different citation styles (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago), so be sure to use the appropriate one.
- Use Quotation Marks: If you directly quote someone else’s words, enclose them in quotation marks and provide the source.
- Paraphrase with Attribution: If you want to rephrase someone else’s ideas or work, ensure you do it in your own words while still giving credit to the original author.
- Understand and Apply Fair Use: Familiarize yourself with the concept of fair use, which allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission, usually for purposes like criticism, commentary, or education.
- Use Plagiarism Detection Tools: Before submitting your work, use plagiarism detection tools to check for any unintentional plagiarism and ensure all sources are properly cited.
2 Disciplines under Natural and Applied Sciences and Their Academic Writing Features:
The stream of natural and applied sciences encompasses a wide range of disciplines that study the natural world and apply scientific principles to real-world problems. Some disciplines include:
- Biology: Study of living organisms and their processes, covering various subfields like genetics, ecology, and molecular biology.
- Chemistry: Investigation of the composition, properties, and reactions of matter.
- Physics: Examination of the fundamental principles governing the behavior of matter and energy.
- Earth Sciences (Geology, Meteorology, Oceanography): Study of the Earth’s structure, weather, and oceans.
- Computer Science: Exploration of algorithms, computation, and programming.
- Engineering: Application of scientific and mathematical principles to design and build structures, devices, and systems.
Academic writing in these disciplines generally exhibits the following features:
- Formality: Writing is formal, precise, and clear, with a focus on objectivity.
- Empirical Evidence: Emphasis on empirical evidence and data to support arguments and conclusions.
- Structure: Follows a standard structure: introduction, methods, results, discussion (IMRD) or introduction, body paragraphs, conclusion.
- Citation Style: Employs specific citation styles (e.g., APA, IEEE) for referencing sources.
- Technical Language: Uses discipline-specific terminology and technical language.
- Impersonal Voice: Often written in the third person to maintain objectivity.
- Logical Reasoning: Relies on logical reasoning and critical analysis.
- Avoidance of Plagiarism: As discussed earlier, proper citation and attribution are vital to avoiding plagiarism in these disciplines.
In summary, academic writing in natural and applied sciences prioritizes clarity, objectivity, empirical evidence, and adherence to specific citation styles while providing a framework for building on existing knowledge.
iii Critical thinking skills are essential for effective problem-solving, decision-making, and evaluating information. Several foundational elements contribute to the development of these skills. Here are some key techniques understood to be the building blocks of critical thinking:
1. Analysis: Analysis involves breaking down complex ideas, arguments, or information into smaller components to understand their underlying structure and relationships. This technique enables individuals to identify key points, detect biases, and evaluate the strength of evidence.
2. Evaluation: Critical thinkers learn to assess the credibility and reliability of sources and information. They question assumptions, check for logical fallacies, and determine the relevance and significance of data to draw well-informed conclusions.
3. Inference: Inference involves drawing logical conclusions based on available evidence and applying reasoning to predict potential outcomes. By making inferences, critical thinkers can fill in missing information and make sound judgments.
4. Deductive Reasoning: Deductive reasoning starts with a general premise and draws specific conclusions from it. It is the process of applying a known rule or principle to a specific situation or example.
5. Inductive Reasoning: Inductive reasoning works the opposite way, starting with specific observations or evidence and drawing a general conclusion. This technique involves recognizing patterns, generalizing from examples, and forming hypotheses.
6. Problem-solving: Critical thinkers actively engage in problem-solving by defining problems clearly, generating potential solutions, analyzing their feasibility, and selecting the most appropriate course of action.
7. Creativity: While it may seem counterintuitive, critical thinking and creativity go hand in hand. Creative thinking involves generating innovative ideas, thinking outside the box, and exploring unconventional solutions to problems.
8. Communication: Effective communication is crucial for critical thinkers to express their ideas, listen to others, and engage in constructive debates. It involves articulating thoughts clearly, actively listening to diverse perspectives, and responding thoughtfully.
9. Curiosity: Curiosity drives the desire to seek new knowledge, explore different viewpoints, and remain open to learning. Critical thinkers embrace curiosity as it leads to continuous growth and development.
10. Self-reflection: Critical thinkers constantly assess their own thought processes, biases, and assumptions. They are aware of their cognitive biases and actively seek to minimize their impact on decision-making.
Developing these foundational elements of critical thinking requires practice, patience, and a willingness to challenge one’s own beliefs. Engaging in debates, analyzing arguments, and exposing oneself to diverse perspectives can enhance critical thinking skills significantly. These techniques empower individuals to become more rational, independent, and competent thinkers in both their personal and professional lives.
IV. Conservation of National Monuments: Our Role as Citizens
Introduction: National monuments are a testament to the rich cultural and historical heritage of a country. These landmarks not only symbolize the past but also hold significant value for the present and future generations. As citizens, it is our moral duty to take an active role in preserving these national treasures for the sake of our identity, cultural heritage, and the knowledge they impart. In this essay, we will explore the importance of conserving national monuments and discuss the vital role that each citizen can play in this endeavor.
- Creating Awareness: The first step towards preserving national monuments is creating awareness about their historical and cultural significance. As citizens, we can participate in educational programs, workshops, and community initiatives that highlight the importance of these sites. By sharing knowledge about their significance, we can instill a sense of pride and responsibility within fellow citizens.
- Responsible Tourism: National monuments often attract a large number of tourists. As visitors, we must respect the sanctity of these sites and follow responsible tourism practices. Avoiding littering, vandalism, and excessive noise will help in preserving the integrity and beauty of these historical sites for future generations.
- Volunteering and Fundraising: Citizens can actively participate in conservation efforts by volunteering their time and expertise. Many organizations work towards the preservation of national monuments, and they often welcome volunteers to assist in their projects. Additionally, fundraising events can be organized to collect funds for restoration and maintenance activities.
- Encouraging Government Support: As citizens, we have the power to influence government policies and decisions. By advocating for increased funding and better conservation measures, we can ensure that our national monuments receive the attention and care they deserve.
- Reporting Illegal Activities: Unfortunately, some national monuments face threats from illegal activities such as looting, encroachment, and illicit construction. As responsible citizens, we must report any such activities to the appropriate authorities to safeguard these sites from harm.
- Personal Responsibility: Each citizen can take personal responsibility for the conservation of national monuments by being mindful of their actions. Respecting historical markers, not defacing public property, and promoting a culture of respect for heritage are small but impactful steps that contribute to the larger cause.
Conclusion: Conservation of national monuments is not solely the responsibility of the government or specialized organizations. As citizens, we are the guardians of our cultural heritage, and our active participation is essential in preserving these national treasures. By creating awareness, practicing responsible tourism, volunteering, fundraising, encouraging government support, and taking personal responsibility, we can ensure that future generations inherit a legacy of pride and cultural richness. Together, let us unite to protect and cherish our national monuments for the greater good of our nation and its people.
V. Brief Report of the Student Council Meeting on Tree Planting Campaign
Date: [Insert Date]
Venue: [Insert Venue]
Objective: The Student Council of [Your College Name] organized a meeting to plan and discuss a campaign to promote the planting of more trees in the neighborhood. The campaign aims to raise awareness about the importance of trees in environmental conservation and to encourage active participation from students and the local community.
- [Name], President of the Student Council
- [Name], Vice President of the Student Council
- [Name], Environmental Committee Head
- [Name], Student Representatives (from various departments)
- [Name], Faculty Advisor
- Campaign Theme and Slogan: The meeting commenced with brainstorming ideas for the campaign theme and slogan. After considering several options, “Green Roots: Growing Together” was selected as the campaign theme, symbolizing the unity and collective effort needed for successful tree planting initiatives.
- Target Audience: It was decided to primarily focus on the students of [Your College Name] and extend the campaign’s reach to the surrounding neighborhood. Engaging the local residents, shop owners, and community members will help create a more significant impact.
- Tree Planting Locations: The committee proposed several potential sites for tree planting, including parks, school premises, and public areas. A survey will be conducted to assess the feasibility and suitability of each location.
- Collaboration with Local Authorities: The Student Council will coordinate with the local municipal authorities to gain permission and support for tree planting in public spaces. Collaboration will also be sought from environmental organizations and NGOs to maximize the campaign’s impact.
- Awareness and Promotion: The meeting emphasized the importance of using various communication channels to promote the campaign. Social media, posters, banners, and word-of-mouth will be utilized to raise awareness and encourage participation.
- Volunteering and Participation: To ensure a successful campaign, the Student Council will invite volunteers from different college departments to participate actively in the tree planting events. Students will also be encouraged to invite their friends and family members to join in the initiative.
Conclusion: The Student Council meeting concluded with a unanimous agreement on the campaign’s framework and action plan. The “Green Roots: Growing Together” tree planting campaign aims to foster a sense of environmental responsibility and community engagement among the students and neighborhood residents. By working together, we hope to contribute to a greener and more sustainable future for our college and the surrounding community. The campaign’s launch date and subsequent tree planting events will be announced soon, and we look forward to making a positive impact in our environment.
VI. i) Difference between Persuasive Writing and Argumentative Writing:
Persuasive Writing: Persuasive writing is a type of writing that aims to persuade or convince the reader to adopt the writer’s viewpoint or take a specific course of action. The primary focus of persuasive writing is to sway the reader’s emotions, beliefs, or attitudes through rhetorical techniques and compelling language. It often includes emotional appeals, storytelling, and persuasive language to make a strong case for the writer’s perspective without necessarily addressing counterarguments in-depth.
Argumentative Writing: Argumentative writing, on the other hand, is a form of writing that presents well-reasoned arguments supported by evidence and logic. The goal of argumentative writing is to provide a comprehensive analysis of a topic or issue, presenting both sides of the argument. The writer takes a clear stance on the topic and systematically refutes opposing viewpoints using evidence, data, and logical reasoning. Argumentative writing is more focused on addressing counterarguments and establishing the superiority of the writer’s viewpoint through a well-structured and evidence-based approach.
ii) Promotional Paragraph for a New Water Filter:
Introducing the AquaNova – Your Gateway to Pure, Refreshing Water!
Say goodbye to impurities and welcome a new era of clean drinking water with AquaNova, the latest innovation from [Your Company Name]. Engineered to perfection, the AquaNova water filter offers you and your family an unparalleled water purification experience.
Designed with cutting-edge technology, the AquaNova filter removes harmful contaminants, such as chlorine, heavy metals, bacteria, and sediments, leaving you with nothing but the purest and most refreshing water imaginable. No more bottled water expenses or environmental concerns – AquaNova is your eco-friendly solution!
Experience the convenience of a sleek and compact design that easily fits into any modern kitchen. The user-friendly interface ensures effortless installation and filter replacement. With our advanced filtration system, you can enjoy the taste and health benefits of clean water, all while contributing to a sustainable environment.
Make a smart investment in your health and the well-being of your loved ones. Upgrade to AquaNova and savor the difference in every sip. Don’t miss this opportunity to be at the forefront of the water purification revolution. Experience purity, experience AquaNova!