Discuss the concept and purpose of methodology of a research report. Explain the various details that are required to be included in it.
Answer – Concept and purpose of methodology of a research report :The methodology refers to the method that is researched. It uses research tools, concepts, selected samples for the purpose, use of research designs, equipment selected to collect information from sample subjects, and statistical methods, so that the data can be analyzed to collect data. The purpose of the methodology written as part of the report is to inform the reader how the entire research was done. For example, if a researcher wanted to find out whether training and exercises in yoga reduce stress, then it should be shown which subjects were those who went through yoga practice, and how many were in that group etc.
The researcher was also to compare whether or not a control group, which was subjected to yogic practice. To measure the stress, the researcher used the scale and how the researcher measured the variable. Regardless of the scale there are quotations containing validity and credibility. Whether the median score was calculated on stress and two groups were compared and what was the result. Such a statement enables the reader to evaluate the credibility of the research methods and the reliability and validity of the results. It also allows experienced investigators to repeat the study if they wish. If the report is an ongoing or preliminary study update and the method has been published in more detail, then that source can be reported to give a brief summary of the report in the report and in this section. In other words, no one needs to repeat the methodology used by anyone, but the reader can refer to the original source so that the work started on these subjects continues unabated.
Various details that are required to be included in Methodology
- There should be headings and all the headings in any detailed writing so that the understanding of the concepts and materials becomes easy for the reader.
- This method is both conventional and expeditious to split the section into subdivisions labeled. They usually include details of the participants, system (or material) and process. In the section of the participants, the researcher should present all the details about the sample selected for participants or subjects or research purposes.
- Subsection readers should give important features of the sample on participants (sometimes subject or sample). Proper identification of research participants and customers is important for the practice of science and psychology, especially to assess the results (compare in groups), normalize findings, and compare in replication, literature review or secondary data analysis. .
- The total number of subjects assigned to the experimental position and the control group should also be given to the number of subjects who did not pass the yoga training. It must also be pointed out whether any one or more subject or some of them have not completed the training, and why they have not, etc. should be specified as it can affect the results obtained.
- The next section is the Content section, which presents the materials used by the researcher. The content section (sometimes called a tool or measurement) is where you describe anything that is used in the study. It should include technical tools, questionnaires, word lists, computer programs, etc. The next section involves a clear description of all the procedures used in the process. An easy way to write process section is to report step-by-step in chronological order. In the Design section, you underline the structure of your study. The purpose of the design section is to give the reader an overview of the study.
- The researcher should present all the details about the sample selected for participants or subjects or research purposes in this section. Subsection readers should give important features of the sample on participants (sometimes subject or sample). It should answer the following major questions:
1) How many of your participants were?
2) What are their relevant features (age, gender, species, weight, and so on)?
3) How were the participants recruited or selected?
4) Did he pay or had some other encouragement?
5) Provide any additional information that is important in understanding the experiment.
- Remember that in order to assess the external validity of the results, the reader has to know the characteristics of the sample. If any participant is out of the study, he has to report it and in whatever circumstances the subject has to be left out, he should be pointed out.
- Proper identification of research participants and customers is important for the practice of science and psychology, especially to assess the results (compare in groups), normalize findings, and compare in replication, literature review or secondary data analysis. . The sample should be adequately described, and it should be representative (if it is not, tell the reason why the sample is not representative of the population from which it has been drawn). The conclusions and explanations should not be forwarded by what the specimen warrants. Also the method of selection of these topics should also be clarified. For example, if some officers have been selected for yoga training, then what companies have been selected from them and why. How are these selected officers representative of executive in many other companies? What these incentives were given to the officers to work for this project in the form of respondents.
- This should clearly be pointed out as the demographic characteristics of the sample population taken for the study. For example, all the information that the elected officials belong to, age, what their experience of the years, their socioeconomic status, health status, etc. should all be provided. What kind of yoga technique has been used, and for how many days and what is a standardized technique which is given in the same way to all the sample subjects etc.
- It is extremely important for interpretation of these results. The researcher has to specifically describe the group, for example, whether they belong to a particular region or nation or to a particular community. If a control group has been taken for the study, then the same procedure should be described in describing the group. As was done in the case of the experimental group.