FREE IGNOU BEGLA-138 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24
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Which assignments do you have to submit to appear for the June 2024 exam?
Assignment 2023-24 (Last date 30 April 2024)
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Assignment 2023-24 (last date 30 October 2024)
IGNOU BEGLA-138 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24
1. What had drained the blood from the heart of the author?
The author’s heart was drained when he witnessed the scale of destruction in Nagasaki after the atomic bombing.
2. Describe the circumstances leading to the making of the atom bomb.
The circumstances leading to the making of the atom bomb were triggered by the discovery of uranium fission by two German scientists before the war. With the fear that Germany might develop a devastating atomic bomb, scientists from various countries, including England, Canada, and America, worked together during the war to develop the atomic bomb as a race against Germany.
3. When was the Hydrogen bomb ready for use?
The passage doesn’t explicitly mention when the Hydrogen bomb was ready for use, but it suggests that it was “nine years later” from the events described in 1945. Therefore, it can be assumed that the Hydrogen bomb was ready for use around 1954.
4. What, according to the author, was the main reason for the failure of the German scientists?
The main reason for the failure of the German scientists in developing the atomic bomb was their lack of progress and limited understanding of fundamental science. The Nazi regime stifled unconventional ideas and placed second-rate party members in charge of scientific projects, hindering genuine research and scientific advancement.
5. What do you learn from the passage about Albert Einstein?
From the passage, we learn that Albert Einstein was a pacifist and had been against war all his life. However, he recognized the responsibility of scientists to share their knowledge and expertise with their nations. In 1939, he wrote to President Roosevelt about the possibility of an atomic bomb and expressed concerns that the Germans might be attempting to develop one.
2. Argumentative paragraph on “Smoking Kills”:
Smoking is a perilous habit that not only claims the lives of individuals but also leaves a trail of devastation among their loved ones. The alarming rise in lung cancer-related deaths, primarily caused by smoking, has robbed countless families of their cherished members. Children are left fatherless, and partners are deprived of their support systems. The consequences of smoking reach far beyond an individual’s health, affecting the emotional and financial well-being of families. It is high time we acknowledge the irrefutable evidence of the dangers of smoking and take collective action to protect ourselves and our loved ones from this lethal habit.
3a. How is communication disrupted when we choose an inferior medium? Exemplify with an instance from your own life.
When we choose an inferior medium for communication, the message’s clarity and effectiveness can suffer significantly. For instance, when I had to discuss a complex project with a team member, I initially opted for text messaging instead of a face-to-face conversation. The text messages lacked nuance, and the recipient misunderstood some crucial details. This led to confusion and delays in the project’s execution. Had I chosen a more suitable medium, such as a video call or a face-to-face meeting, the communication would have been more effective, and the project’s success would have been better ensured.
3b. How can we ensure the conciseness of our messages while communicating? Explain with at least two examples.
To ensure the conciseness of our messages, we can follow these strategies:
1. Avoid unnecessary elaboration: Instead of using lengthy sentences, stick to the main points. For example, instead of saying, “I am writing to inquire about the possibility of rescheduling our meeting to a later date, preferably next week,” simply state, “Can we reschedule the meeting to next week?”
2. Use bullet points or numbered lists: When conveying multiple pieces of information, organize them into bullet points or numbered lists. For instance, instead of writing a lengthy paragraph about project updates, list the key updates in bullet points for better clarity and readability.
4a. What is information overload? How does it affect communication?
Information overload refers to the overwhelming amount of information that individuals encounter, making it difficult for them to process and absorb all the details effectively. In the context of communication, information overload can hinder the message’s comprehension and retention by the receiver. When bombarded with excessive data, the recipient may become confused and unable to prioritize essential details, leading to misunderstandings and misinterpretations. As a result, effective communication is hampered, and the intended message may not be conveyed clearly.
4b. Classify the following domains into formal and informal categories:
Formal: College auditorium, Lecture hall, Father’s office, Police station, Hospital, Courtroom, Principal’s office.
Informal: Playground, College canteen, Metro station, Multiplex, Kitchen.
5a. Which of the given sentences can be used in a formal conversation? Revise the ones which you feel cannot be used in a formal conversation.
The sentences that can be used in a formal conversation are:
i. The plan to evacuate the area won’t work out as there aren’t enough vehicles to drop everyone off at the safe zone.
iii. I want this cleaned immediately.
ii. Rohit became extremely upset after his brother messed up his plan to attend the long-awaited event.
iv. I penalized some employees for their consistent lateness.
5b. What are the blunders that we need to avoid as speakers in a formal conversation?
In a formal conversation, speakers should avoid the following blunders:
1. Using slang or informal language: Use proper grammar and vocabulary to maintain a professional tone.
2. Rambling or being overly verbose: Keep messages concise and to the point to ensure clarity and efficiency.
3. Interrupting or talking over others: Practice active listening and allow others to speak without interruption.
4. Failing to address the other person respectfully: Use appropriate titles and language to show respect and courtesy.
5. Using offensive or inappropriate language: Avoid any language that could be offensive or unprofessional in a formal setting.
6. Formal Conversation with the Senior Manager:
Friend: Congratulations on your recent promotion! I heard you’ve been doing an excellent job, and I want to assure you that you will do great in your new managerial role.
You: Thank you so much! I really appreciate your kind words, but I must admit I’m feeling a bit anxious about the new responsibilities.
Friend: It’s completely normal to feel that way. Remember, you were promoted because of your consistent performance and dedication. You have the skills and knowledge to excel in this role. I have full confidence in you.
You: I’ll do my best to live up to the expectations. But what if I face challenges I’ve never dealt with before?
Friend: Challenges are part of any new role, and you have a supportive team to assist you. Don’t hesitate to seek advice or guidance from your colleagues and me. We are all here to help you succeed.
You: That’s reassuring to hear. I’ll make sure to seek help when needed. I also want to maintain a positive work environment and ensure effective communication within the team.
Friend: That’s a great mindset to have. Open and clear communication is crucial. Lead by example, and your team will follow suit.
You: Thank you for your guidance and encouragement. I feel more confident now. I’ll put in my best effort to contribute to the bank’s success.
Friend: I have no doubt you will be a valuable asset to the bank. Remember, we believe in your abilities, and we are here to support you every step of the way.
7a. Explanation of social context influencing interpretation with informal use of English:
Social context plays a significant role in how language is interpreted, especially in informal settings. In informal English, certain phrases may carry different meanings depending on the social context. For example:
1. Phrase: “What’s up?”
Interpretation in Social Context: In a casual social setting among friends, “What’s up?” is a friendly way of saying “hello” or asking “how are you?” It’s a common informal greeting.
2. Phrase: “I’m down.”
Interpretation in Social Context: In an informal conversation with friends, “I’m down” means “I’m interested” or “I’m willing to do it.” It shows agreement or enthusiasm for a suggested activity.
7b. Explanation of linguistic context influencing interpretation with informal use of English:
Linguistic context refers to how language is used in a particular situation, and it also influences interpretation. In informal English, specific phrases can have different meanings based on the linguistic context. For example:
1. Phrase: “She’s cool.”
Interpretation in Linguistic Context: In an informal context, “She’s cool” means that the person is easygoing, friendly, or likable.
2. Phrase: “He’s sick.”
Interpretation in Linguistic Context: In an informal context, “He’s sick” doesn’t necessarily mean the person is unwell. It can also mean that the person is exceptional, talented, or impressive.
8. Informal Conversation with a Friend:
You: Hey, I need a favor. My mom asked me to go to the grocery store, but I have this incomplete assignment due tomorrow.
Friend: Sure, what’s up?
You: Can you please go to the store and get the list of items she gave me? I’d really appreciate it.
Friend: No problem, I’m down to help. Just send me the list, and I’ll take care of it.
You: Thanks a lot! You’re a lifesaver. I owe you one.
Friend: Don’t mention it. We’re friends, and that’s what friends are for. I’ll get it done for you.
You: You’re the best! I’ll send you the list right away.
Friend: Sounds good. Let me know if there’s anything else you need help with.
You: Will do. Thanks again!
Friend: Anytime, happy to help. Good luck with your assignment!
You: Thanks, talk to you soon!
Friend: Take care, bye!