IGNOU MPS-02 is a course under the MA program offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU). To successfully complete the course and be eligible to appear for the exams in June 2024, students are required to submit the IGNOU MPS-02 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 for the academic year 2023-24.

Assignments FOR JULY 2023 AND JAN 2024 ADMISSION


Below are the details of the IGNOU MPS-02 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24:

  • Program: MPS-02 (Bachelor of Arts – BA)
  • Course Code: MPS-02
  • Session: July 2023 – January 2024
  • Submission Dates:
    • Assignment 2023-24: Last date for submission – 30th April 2024
    • Assignment 2023-24: Last date for submission – 30th October 2024

Assignment Submission: Students are advised to submit the IGNOU MPS-02 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 as per the specified schedule. The assignments must be submitted in soft copy/PDF format through the designated portal or email, as instructed by the university.

Guidelines for Preparing IGNOU MPS-02 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24: While preparing the IGNOU MPS-02 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24, students must adhere to the following guidelines:


Each question is to be answered in about 500 words. Each question carries 20 marks.
1. Examine the problems involved in securing self –determination in Europe in the 20th century.
Problems Involved in Securing Self-Determination in Europe in the 20th Century – Self-determination, the principle that a people have the right to determine their own political status and freely pursue their economic, social, and cultural development, became a significant and complex issue in 20th-century Europe. While the concept was championed as a means to promote democracy and decolonization, it also gave rise to various challenges and conflicts.

One of the central problems was the diversity of ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups within European states. Many countries were composed of multiple nationalities, often with historical grievances and territorial disputes. For instance, the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires were made up of numerous ethnic groups seeking self-determination. Balancing the aspirations of these groups while maintaining stability and avoiding violent conflicts posed a significant challenge.

Nationalism played a dual role in the quest for self-determination. While it inspired many groups to seek independence, it also fueled aggressive expansionism and territorial claims. This tension was evident in the aftermath of World War I, as the redrawing of borders through treaties like the Treaty of Versailles led to both the establishment of new nation-states and the exacerbation of interethnic conflicts.

The collapse of empires and the emergence of new states also raised questions about the rights of minorities within these newly formed entities. Protecting the self-determination of one group could lead to the suppression of another. The treatment of minorities in countries like Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Yugoslavia highlighted the challenge of maintaining stability while upholding the principle of self-determination.

Economic interdependence added another layer of complexity. European nations were intricately connected through trade, alliances, and shared economic interests. Redrawing borders to align with ethnic or national identities could disrupt established economic relationships and create new economic challenges for emerging states.

Moreover, the principle of self-determination often clashed with the geopolitical interests of major powers. In the lead-up to and aftermath of World War II, the actions of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union revealed how these powers manipulated claims of self-determination for their own expansionist agendas, leading to further conflicts and displacements.

The process of decolonization also brought self-determination to the forefront, particularly in the context of former colonial powers in Europe. The struggles for independence in African and Asian colonies raised questions about the scope of self-determination and its application beyond the borders of Europe.

In conclusion, while the principle of self-determination held the promise of promoting democratic governance and addressing historical injustices, its application in 20th-century Europe was fraught with challenges. Ethnically diverse populations, nationalism, minority rights, economic interdependence, and great power politics all contributed to the complexity of securing self-determination. As European states navigated these issues, they faced the delicate task of balancing the legitimate aspirations of different groups while maintaining peace and stability in a rapidly changing geopolitical landscape.

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