To successfully complete the course and be eligible to appear for the exams in June 2024, students are required to submit the IGNOU MPSE-005 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 for the academic year 2023-24.

Assignments FOR JULY 2023 AND JAN 2024 ADMISSION


ASSIGNMENT IGNOU MPSE-005 Solved Assignment 2023-24
SERVICE TYPE Solved Assignment (Soft Copy/PDF)
Programme: MPSE-005/2023-24
Course Code MPSE-005
SESSION July 2023- January 2024

30th OCTOBER 2024

Below are the details of the IGNOU MPSE-005 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24:

  • Program: MPSE-005
  • Course Code: MPSE-005
  • Session: July 2023 – January 2024
  • Submission Dates:
    • Assignment 2023-24: Last date for submission – 30th April 2024
    • Assignment 2023-24: Last date for submission – 30th October 2024

IGNOU MPSE-005 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24Assignment Submission: Students are advised to submit the IGNOU MPSE-005 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24 as per the specified schedule. The assignments must be submitted in soft copy/PDF format through the designated portal or email, as instructed by the university.

Guidelines for Preparing IGNOU MPSE-005 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24: While preparing the IGNOU MPSE-005 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2023-24, students must adhere to the following guidelines:


Each question is to be answered in about 500 words. Each question carries 20 marks.
1. Trace how Africa came into being.
The formation and evolution of the African continent is a complex geological and geographical process that spans millions of years. It is a story of continental drift, tectonic plate movements, volcanic activity, erosion, and the interaction of various natural forces. The origins of Africa as we know it today can be traced back to the breakup of the supercontinent Pangaea, which began around 200 million years ago during the Mesozoic Era.

Pangaea was a vast landmass that encompassed most of the Earth’s continents. Over time, the movement of tectonic plates caused Pangaea to split into smaller landmasses, leading to the formation of the modern continents. The breakup of Pangaea resulted in the formation of two supercontinents: Laurasia to the north and Gondwana to the south.

Africa’s emergence as a distinct landmass is closely linked to the fragmentation of Gondwana. Gondwana included not only Africa but also South America, Antarctica, Australia, the Indian subcontinent, and the Arabian Peninsula. During the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods (approximately 200 to 65 million years ago), Gondwana began to split apart due to the movement of tectonic plates. Africa gradually separated from South America and Antarctica, and the South Atlantic Ocean started to form.

Around 130 million years ago, during the early Cretaceous period, Africa began to drift away from South America and move towards its present-day position. This movement was driven by the activity of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a massive underwater mountain range where new oceanic crust was being formed. As new material formed at the ridge, it pushed the existing crust apart, causing the continents on either side to move away from each other.

The separation of Africa from South America and the opening of the South Atlantic Ocean had significant geological implications. It allowed for the development of unique ecosystems and species on the isolated landmasses, leading to the divergence of flora and fauna in Africa.

Over millions of years, Africa continued its northward movement, and around 30 million years ago, it began to collide with the southern edge of the Eurasian Plate. This collision led to the uplift of mountain ranges such as the Atlas Mountains in North Africa. Meanwhile, the movement of the African Plate caused the Red Sea to open up, eventually forming the Great Rift Valley—a massive geological trench that stretches from the Middle East to Mozambique. The East African Rift System, part of the larger Great Rift Valley, is still an active tectonic boundary, with geological forces continually shaping the landscape.

In addition to tectonic activity, volcanic processes have played a crucial role in shaping Africa’s landforms. The East African Rift, for instance, has been a hotspot for volcanic activity, resulting in the formation of notable features like Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya.

The story of Africa’s formation is a testament to the dynamic and ever-changing nature of our planet’s surface. The movement of tectonic plates, the opening and closing of oceans, volcanic activity, and erosion have all contributed to the continent’s current configuration. This geological history has had a profound impact on Africa’s climate, ecosystems, and the evolution of its diverse flora and fauna. Understanding the origins of Africa provides valuable insights into the forces that continue to shape our world today.

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